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Understanding the Essentials of Critical Care Nursing 2nd Edition BY Kathleen – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0132724154
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0132724159

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Understanding the Essentials of Critical Care Nursing 2nd Edition BY Kathleen – Test Bank

Chapter 1 What Is Critical Care?
1) Identify who of the following patients suffers from critical illness. A patient:
1. With chronic airflow limitation whose VS are: BP 110/72, P 110, R 16.
2. With acute bronchospasm and whose VS are: BP 100/60, P 124, R 32.
3. Who was involved in a motor vehicle accident whose VS are: BP 124/74, P 74, R 18.
4. On chronic dialysis with no urine output and whose VS are: BP 98/50, P 108, R 12.
Answer: 2
Explanation:

1. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs
survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
2. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs
survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
3. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs
survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
4. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs
survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation

Learning Outcome: 1-1: Define critical care

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 1

2) Of the following patients, who should be cared for in a critical care unit? A patient: (Select all that apply.)
1. With an acetaminophen overdose
2. Suffering from acute mental illness
3. With chronic renal failure
4. With acute decompensated heart failure
Answer: 1, 4
Explanation:

1. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system
failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose
often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical
nature.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
2. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system
failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose
often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical
nature.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
3. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system
failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose
often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical
nature.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
4. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system
failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose
often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical
nature.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation

Learning Outcome: 1-1: Define critical care

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 2

3) A hospital in a small rural town would be able to provide which level of care in the critical care unit?
1. Level I
2. Level II
3. Level III
4. It is unlikely that the hospital would have a critical care unit
Answer: 3
Explanation:

1. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all
because most hospitals have some critical care areas.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all
because most hospitals have some critical care areas.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all
because most hospitals have some critical care areas.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all
because most hospitals have some critical care areas.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-2: State the three levels of care provided in critical care units

4) A nurse employed in an ʺopenʺ ICU would most likely be working with a:
1. Multidisciplinary team with physicians who are also responsible for patients on other units.
2. Multidisciplinary team that includes a physician employed by the hospital.
3. Physician in charge of patient care who is a specialist in critical care.
4. Primary care physician who must consult a critical care specialist.
Answer: 1
Explanation:

1. #2, #3, and #4 refer to ʺclosedʺ ICUs.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #2, #3, and #4 refer to ʺclosedʺ ICUs.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #2, #3, and #4 refer to ʺclosedʺ ICUs.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #2, #3, and #4 refer to ʺclosedʺ ICUs.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-3: Compare and contrast ʺopenʺ and ʺclosedʺ critical care units

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 3

5) According to the Institute of Medicine, technology increases the likelihood of errors in critical care units when:
1. It relies heavily on human decision-making.
2. Devices are programmed to function without double-checks.
3. It makes the workload seem overwhelming to health care providers.
4. There is uniform equipment throughout each facility.
Answer: 2
Explanation:

1. #1, #3, and #4 have not been identified to increase the likelihood of errors in the critical care
unit.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #1, #3, and #4 have not been identified to increase the likelihood of errors in the critical care
unit.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #1, #3, and #4 have not been identified to increase the likelihood of errors in the critical care
unit.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #1, #3, and #4 have not been identified to increase the likelihood of errors in the critical care
unit.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-4: Explain why critical care units are one of the most common sites for health care errors

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 4

6) Which of the following is a common example of installing forcing functions or system level firewalls in order to
prevent errors?
1. Prior to administration of insulin, two nurses check the dose.
2. Prior to obtaining a medication, height, weight and allergies are recorded.
3. All medications are checked by two nurses prior to administration.
4. Undiluted potassium chloride is not available on critical care units.
Answer: 4
Explanation:

1. #1 and #3 are examples of avoiding reliance on vigilance; #2 is an example of utilizing
constraints.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies
2. #1 and #3 are examples of avoiding reliance on vigilance; #2 is an example of utilizing
constraints.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies
3. #1 and #3 are examples of avoiding reliance on vigilance; #2 is an example of utilizing
constraints.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies
4. #1 and #3 are examples of avoiding reliance on vigilance; #2 is an example of utilizing
constraints.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

Learning Outcome: 1-4: Explain why critical care units are one of the most common sites for health care errors

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 5

7) The increased use of technology in critical care units has resulted in which of the following consequences for
patient care?
1. Decreased risk of errors in patient care
2. Decreased therapeutic nurse-patient communication
3. Improved overall patient satisfaction with care
4. Improved patient safety across the entire spectrum
Answer: 2
Explanation:

1. #1, #3, and #4 have not been demonstrated as outcomes resulting from increased technology
use.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
2. #1, #3, and #4 have not been demonstrated as outcomes resulting from increased technology
use.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
3. #1, #3, and #4 have not been demonstrated as outcomes resulting from increased technology
use.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
4. #1, #3, and #4 have not been demonstrated as outcomes resulting from increased technology
use.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation

Learning Outcome: 1-4: Explain why critical care units are one of the most common sites for health care errors

8) Completion of a preoperative checklist is an operationalized example of which of the following
recommendations issued by the Institute of Medicine?
1. Utilizing constraints
2. Simplifying key processes
3. Avoiding reliance on vigilance
4. Standardizing key processes
Answer: 3
Explanation:

1. #1, #2, and #4 are additional recommendations issued by the Institute of Medicine.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #1, #2, and #4 are additional recommendations issued by the Institute of Medicine.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #1, #2, and #4 are additional recommendations issued by the Institute of Medicine.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #1, #2, and #4 are additional recommendations issued by the Institute of Medicine.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-4: Explain why critical care units are one of the most common sites for health care errors

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 6

9) Which of the following actions should the nurse complete first after realizing that an incorrect dose of
medication has been administered to a patient? (Select all that apply.)
1. Documentation of the error
2. Notification of the physician
3. Notification of the patient and family
4. Preparation for a root cause analysis
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4
Explanation:
1. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Although they are all correct, #2 should
be completed first and a plan developed to ensure that the patient is not harmed.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Although they are all correct, #2 should
be completed first and a plan developed to ensure that the patient is not harmed.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Although they are all correct, #2 should
be completed first and a plan developed to ensure that the patient is not harmed.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Although they are all correct, #2 should
be completed first and a plan developed to ensure that the patient is not harmed.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
Learning Outcome: 1-4: Explain why critical care units are one of the most common sites for health care errors

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 7

10) The nurse working within the AACN Synergy Model realizes that optimal patient outcomes are realized when:
1. Highly qualified nurses care for patients in highly technical settings.
2. Nurses agree to work overtime to cover unit staffing needs.
3. Staff nurse competency is matched with patient needs.
4. Patient care is delivered within a ʺclosed unitʺ model.
Answer: 3
Explanation:

1. #1, #2, and #4 are not correct. The underlying assumption of the synergy model is that optimal
patient outcomes occur when the needs of the patient and family are matched with the
competencies of the nurse.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #1, #2, and #4 are not correct. The underlying assumption of the synergy model is that optimal
patient outcomes occur when the needs of the patient and family are matched with the
competencies of the nurse.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #1, #2, and #4 are not correct. The underlying assumption of the synergy model is that optimal
patient outcomes occur when the needs of the patient and family are matched with the
competencies of the nurse.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #1, #2, and #4 are not correct. The underlying assumption of the synergy model is that optimal
patient outcomes occur when the needs of the patient and family are matched with the
competencies of the nurse.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-5: Describe the relationship between the patient and the nurse in the AACNʹs synergy model

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 8

11) The competent critical care nurse demonstrates an understanding of patient advocacy by taking which of the
following actions? (Select all that apply.)
1. Maintaining attendance at the bedside with the patient during a physician visit
2. Assisting and supporting the patient and family as they reveal their needs
3. Alerting the physician to concerns about patient placement after hospitalization
4. Encouraging and supporting a patientʹs spouse in preparing for a family meeting
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4
Explanation:
1. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#1, #2, #3, and #4 all indicate ways in which the new critical care nurse could demonstrate an
understanding of patient advocacy.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
2. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#1, #2, #3, and #4 all indicate ways in which the new critical care nurse could demonstrate an
understanding of patient advocacy.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
3. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#1, #2, #3, and #4 all indicate ways in which the new critical care nurse could demonstrate an
understanding of patient advocacy.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
4. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#1, #2, #3, and #4 all indicate ways in which the new critical care nurse could demonstrate an
understanding of patient advocacy.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Learning Outcome: 1-5: Describe the relationship between the patient and the nurse in the AACNʹs synergy model

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 9

12) A nurse is preparing to communicate an issue about patient care to a physician using the SBAR technique.
Which of the following phrases is an appropriate initial statement?
1. ʺI am concerned about…ʺ
2. ʺThe patientʹs immediate history is…ʺ
3. ʺI think the problem is…ʺ
4. ʺI would like you to …ʺ
Answer: 1
Explanation:

1. #2, #3, and #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #2, #3, and #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #2, #3, and #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #2, #3, and #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-7: Describe ways to enhance communications and collaboration among members of the health care
team

13) The nurse would include which statement for ʺA – Assessmentʺ in the SBAR technique for communication?
1. ʺI think the problem is…ʺ
2. The patientʹs vital signs are…ʺ
3. ʺThe patientʹs treatments are…ʺ
4. ʺI would like you to…ʺ
Answer: 1
Explanation:

1. #1 is correct. #2, #3, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #1 is correct. #2, #3, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #1 is correct. #2, #3, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #1 is correct. #2, #3, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-7: Describe ways to enhance communications and collaboration among members of the health care
team

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 10

14) To complete an SBAR communication about a patient issue, the nurse should use which of the following
statements?
1. ʺThe patientʹs immediate history is…ʺ
2. ʺThe patientʹs physical findings are…ʺ
3. ʺI am requesting that you…ʺ
4. ʺI have assessed the patient personally.ʺ
Answer: 3
Explanation:

1. #3 is correct. #1, #2, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
2. #3 is correct. #1, #2, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
3. #3 is correct. #1, #2, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care
4. #3 is correct. #1, #2, #4 are statements pertinent to other portions of the SBAR.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care

Learning Outcome: 1-7: Describe ways to enhance communications and collaboration among members of the health care
team

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 11

15) Nurses must be able to collaborate with other members of the health care team in order to effect optimal
outcomes in patient care. The nurse understands that characteristics of emotional maturity within the
profession include: (Select all that apply.)
1. Being a lifelong learner.
2. Actively identifying best practices.
3. Maintaining current skills.
4. Overlooking oneʹs own shortcomings.
Answer: 1, 2, 3
Explanation:
1. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#4 does not describe an attribute of emotional maturity in nursing.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
2. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#4 does not describe an attribute of emotional maturity in nursing.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
3. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#4 does not describe an attribute of emotional maturity in nursing.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
4. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
#4 does not describe an attribute of emotional maturity in nursing.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Comprehension
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Learning Outcome: 1-7: Describe ways to enhance communications and collaboration among members of the health care
team

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 12

16) A nurse might utilize a variety of informal power bases in the health care setting. These include: (Select all that
apply.)
1. Information.
2. Expertise.
3. Goodwill.
4. Observation.
Answer: 1, 2, 3
Explanation:
1. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Observation, although important, is not considered to be a form of power.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
2. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Observation, although important, is not considered to be a form of power.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
3. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Observation, although important, is not considered to be a form of power.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
4. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.)
Observation, although important, is not considered to be a form of power.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Learning Outcome: 1-7: Describe ways to enhance communications and collaboration among members of the health care
team

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 13

17) When a nurse encourages a patient who has experienced a motor vehicle crash to cough and deep -breathe
even the patient does not initially want to, the nurse is placing a priority on which of the following ethical
principles?
1. Beneficence
2. Nonmaleficence
3. Respect for persons
4. Justice
Answer: 2
Explanation:

1. According to ethicists, nonmaleficence should take precedence over beneficence because it is
more important to avoid doing harm to patients than to attempt to benefit them.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
2. According to ethicists, nonmaleficence should take precedence over beneficence because it is
more important to avoid doing harm to patients than to attempt to benefit them.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
3. According to ethicists, nonmaleficence should take precedence over beneficence because it is
more important to avoid doing harm to patients than to attempt to benefit them.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
4. According to ethicists, nonmaleficence should take precedence over beneficence because it is
more important to avoid doing harm to patients than to attempt to benefit them.
Nursing Process: Evaluation
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation

Learning Outcome: 1-8: Explain why some health care providers believe that critically ill patients cannot give informed
consent

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 14

18) When a nurse forcibly inserts a nasogastric tube against the patientʹs wishes, the nurse can be held liable for:
1. Assault.
2. Battery.
3. Civil penalties.
4. Malpractice.
Answer: 2
Explanation:

1. When the nurse treats or touches a patient without consent, it is battery.
Nursing Process: Implementation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
2. When the nurse treats or touches a patient without consent, it is battery.
Nursing Process: Implementation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
3. When the nurse treats or touches a patient without consent, it is battery.
Nursing Process: Implementation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation
4. When the nurse treats or touches a patient without consent, it is battery.
Nursing Process: Implementation
Cognitive Level: Application
Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation

Learning Outcome: 1-8: Explain why some health care providers believe that critically ill patients cannot give informed
consent

Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) — CVC 12/3/08 — Page 15

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