Test bank Of Clinical psychology trull 8th edition
The Assessment of Intelligence
1. The Mismeasure of Man is a critique of
a. early “mental ability” tests written by Alfred Binet.
b. Binet’s approach to intelligence testing written by David Wechsler.
c. the intelligence testing of females written by Gloria Steinem.
d. intelligence testing written by Stephen J. Gould.
2. By the 1960s, many individuals and groups were criticizing intelligence tests for what reason?
a. They believed the tests were too easy, and were producing inflated scores.
b. They believed that measuring intelligence was not a worthwhile pursuit.
c. They believed that some test items were unfair and discriminated against certain groups.
d. They believe that the tests were measuring talent, rather than intelligence per se.
3. In 1994, Hernstein and Murray published a controversial book called The Bell Curve. Why was this book so controversial?
a. The authors questioned the effectiveness of Head Start programs for disadvantaged youth.
b. The authors recommended an overhaul of affirmative action policies.
c. The authors argued that intelligence is the most important predictor of many positive and negative outcomes.
d. all of the above
4. With regard to psychological tests, reliability is most synonymous with
a. cultural sensitivity.
5. The consistency of scores across two alternative versions of a test is labeled
a. test-retest reliability.
b. equivalent forms reliability.
c. split-half reliability.
d. interrater reliability.
6. Which of the following is an accurate statement about the assessment of reliability?
a. Equivalent forms reliability is used to avoid the problems with test-retest reliability.
b. Equivalent forms reliability is used to avoid the problems with split-half reliability.
c. Test-retest reliability is used to avoid the problems with equivalent forms reliability.
d. Test-retest reliability is used to avoid the problems with split-half reliability.
7. Dr. Vorst has created a new intelligence test, and the research conducted to date suggests that the items on the test are highly intercorrelated (i.e., they are measuring the same thing). Another way to say this is that Dr. Vorst’s test has high __________ reliability.
a. internal consistency
8. The internal consistency of an intelligence test is measured by calculating
a. split-half reliability.
b. interrater reliability.
c. test-retest reliability.
d. discriminant reliability.
9. In evaluating the reliability of an intelligence test, Dr. Xavier computes __________, which is the average of all possible __________ correlations for the test.
a. Pearson’s r; split-half
b. Cronbach’s alpha; significant
c. Cronbach’s alpha; split-half
d. Pearson’s r; significant
10. In general, the __________ of an intelligence test is the extent to which it measures what it is supposed to measure.
11. A test that is supposed to measure overall intelligence includes only mathematical questions. This test clearly lacks __________ validity.
12. If an intelligence test administered to 6th graders correlates strongly with the high school GPAs of these students, it can be concluded that the test has high __________ validity.
d. none of the above
13. If an intelligence test administered to 4th graders correlates strongly with their 4th grade teachers’ estimates of their intelligence, it can be concluded that the test has high __________ validity.
d. none of the above