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Society And Technological Change 8th Edition by Rudi Volti – Test Bank

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Society And Technological Change 8th Edition by Rudi Volti – Test Bank

Chapter 9

Work in Nonindustrial Societies

Short Answers

  1. What was the connection between tool-making and the brain development of early humans? p. 168
  2. Approximately how many hours per week do the !Kung expend while securing their livelihoods? p. 169
  3. Why has the !Kung community been characterized as “the original affluent society”? p. 169
  4. Why was slash and burn farming replaced by irrigated farming in many societies? p. 172
  5. What is meant by division of labor? Give an example. pp. 174-177
  6. What is a guild? pp. 177-178
  7. Where did the precise scheduling of work and other activities first take place in medieval Europe? Why? pp. 180-183
  8. In what ways did the mechanical clock embody all of the key characteristics of a machine? pp.181-183

Essay Questions

  1. Taking account of the full sweep of human history, Why did technological advance often result in more time being devoted to work and less to leisure? p. 173
  2. Why was the Neolithic period a turning point in human history? Why is it hard to generalize about its causes? p. 171
  3. How did the transition to agriculture represent progress, and in what sense was it regressive? p.171
  4. How does the production of goods and services in a market economy differ from earlier economic relationships? pp. 174-176
  5. In what ways did guild organization affect technological advance in Medieval times? p. 177-178
  6. How did slavery influence the development of workplace technologies? p. 179
  7. Describe how the mechanical clock affected the culture of early modern Europe, especially in regard to work. pp. 181-183

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