Search

In Stock

Seeleys Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition VanPutte – Test Bank

Instant delivery only

Original price was: $80.00.Current price is: $28.00.

SKU:tb1001567

Seeleys Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition VanPutte – Test Bank

Chapter 12

Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. There are _____ enlargements of the spinal cord where nerves supplying the extremities enter and leave.
    A. two
    B. three
    C. four
    D. five
    E. six

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01A. Describe the general structure of the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The spinal cord
    A. controls the reticular activating system.
    B. stores reflexive memory.
    C. forms memory engrams.
    D. links the peripheral nervous system to the brain.
    E. is characterized by conscious activity.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H03.01 List the parts of the nervous system that constitute the central nervous system (CNS) and those that constitute the peripheral nervous system (PNS).
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.01A. Describe the general structure of the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The spinal cord begins at the
    A. cerebellum.
    B. medulla oblongata.
    C. foramen magnum.
    D. conus medullaris
    E. 1st cervical vertebrae.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.01A. Describe the general structure of the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The conus medullaris
    A. anchors the spinal cord to the coccyx.
    B. is a tapered, cone like region immediately inferior to the lumbar enlargement.
    C. marks the exit of nerves to the upper extremity.
    D. is located adjacent to the foramen magnum.
    E. is inferior to the cauda equina.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01A. Describe the general structure of the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The spinal cord ends at the
    A. sacrum.
    B. coccyx.
    C. 5th lumbar vertebrae.
    D. 2nd lumbar vertebrae.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.01A. Describe the general structure of the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The thickest of the meninges is the
    A. pia mater.
    B. arachnoid mater.
    C. subdural space.
    D. subarachnoid space.
    E. dura mater.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The sac surrounding the spinal cord is the
    A.dural sac.
    B. meningeal sac.
    C. thecal sac.
    D. epidural sac.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The middle, thin, spider-like meninx is the
    A.dura mater.
    B. pia mater.
    C. ectomater.
    D. arachnoid mater.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. What space, found between the vertebral wall and the dura mater, is the area for injecting anesthesia for childbirth?
    A. subarachnoid space
    B. subdural space
    C. epidural space
    D. epipial space

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H09.04 Describe the location of the cranial nerve nuclei and the ganglia associated with the cranial nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. During a spinal tap, cerebrospinal fluid is obtained from which of the following locations?
    A. dural sinus
    B. epidural space
    C. subarachnoid space
    D. subdural space
    E. sagittal sinus

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. What structure anchors the thecal sac and conus medullaris to the coccyx?
    A. filum terminale
    B. denticulate ligaments
    C. pia mater
    D. cauda equina

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. Where is cerebrospinal fluid found around the spinal cord?
    A. subdural space
    B. epidural space
    C. thecal sac
    D. subarachnoid space

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H08.02 Identify the meninges and describe their functional relationship to the brain and cranial bones.
HAPS Objective: H08.03 Describe the functions of cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the details of its production, its circulation within the central nervous system, and its ultimate reabsorption into the bloodstream.
HAPS Objective: H08.04 Describe the structural basis for, and the importance of the blood brain barrier.
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
Learning Outcome: 12.01B. Name the meninges (sing. meninx) and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. Which of the following is false?
    A. The dorsal root of the spinal cord conveys sensory (afferent) nerve impulses to the spinal cord.
    B. The posterior horn of the cord contains the cell bodies of motor neurons.
    C. The ventral root is formed by the axons of neurons in the lateral and anterior horns.
    D. The dorsal and ventral roots unite to form spinal nerves.
    E. The ventral root of the spinal cord conveys motor (efferent) nerve impulses away from the spinal cord.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The ventral root of a spinal nerve contains
    A.only sensory fibers.
    B. only motor fibers.
    C. only afferent fibers.
    D. both sensory and motor fibers.
    E. a ganglion.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The sensory root of a spinal nerve is also referred to as
    A. anterior root.
    B. dorsal root.
    C. efferent root.
    D. ventral root.
    E. lateral root.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The motor root of a spinal nerve is also referred to as the
    A. afferent root.
    B. dorsal root.
    C. posterior root.
    D. ventral root.
    E. sensory root.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. The cross-sectional view of the spinal cord reveals white matter on the
    A. inside, gray matter on the outside, and a dorsal motor root.
    B. outside, gray matter on the inside, and a ventral motor root.
    C. inside, gray matter on the outside, and a dorsal sensory root.
    D. outside, gray matter on the inside, and a ventral sensory root.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
HAPS Objective: H10.03 Contrast the relative position of gray matter and white matter in the spinal cord with the corresponding arrangement of gray and white matter in the brain.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. In the spinal cord, white matter is organized into
    A. horns and the gray matter into columns.
    B. horns and the gray matter into roots.
    C. columns and the gray matter into horns.
    D. columns and the gray matter into tracts.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
HAPS Objective: H10.03 Contrast the relative position of gray matter and white matter in the spinal cord with the corresponding arrangement of gray and white matter in the brain.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. What structure makes the dorsal root different from the ventral root?
    A. The dorsal root has a ganglion.
    B. The dorsal root has a tract.
    C. The dorsal root has a nucleus.
    D. The dorsal root appears the same as the ventral root.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.02 Identify the anatomical features seen in a cross sectional view of the spinal cord.
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. What is found in the dorsal root ganglion?
    A. The cell bodies of multipolar motor neurons.
    B. The cell bodies of pseudo-unipolar sensory neurons.
    C. The cell bodies of multipolar interneurons.
    D. The cell bodies of bipolar sensory neurons.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. What is found the lateral gray horns of the spinal cord?
    A. The cell bodies of somatic motor neurons.
    B. The cell bodies of sensory neurons.
    C. The cell bodies of autonomic motor neurons.
    D. The cell bodies of somatic sensory neurons.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
Learning Outcome: 12.01C. Draw and label a cross section of the spinal cord with its dorsal and ventral nerve roots.
Section: 12.01
Type: Study Guide

  1. Structurally, the simplest reflex is the
    A. stretch reflex.
    B. Golgi tendon reflex.
    C. reciprocal reflex.
    D. alternating reflex.
    E. withdrawal reflex.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.06 Demonstrate a stretch reflex (e.g., patellar or plantar).
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Reflex arcs
    A. are capable of receiving a stimulus and yielding a response.
    B. are the basic structural units of the nervous system.
    C. occur primarily in the cerebral cortex of the brain.
    D. involve inhibitory neurons.
    E. do not involve the spinal cord.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Which portion of a reflex arc is most likely to be located entirely within the central nervous system?
    A. sensory neuron
    B. motor neuron
    C. effector cell
    D. interneuron
    E. receptor cell

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Reflexes
    A. are homeostatic.
    B. are not homeostatic.
    C. are voluntary conscious responses to a stimulus.
    D. are integrated in the spinal cord, but not the brain.
    E. are integrated in the brain, but not the spinal cord.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.01 Define the term reflex.
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Reflexes function in
    A. removing the body from painful stimuli.
    B. keeping the body from falling.
    C. maintaining blood pressure.
    D. maintaining blood CO2 levels.
    E. All of these choices are correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.01 Define the term reflex.
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Place the following parts of a reflex arc in the correct order beginning with the sensory receptor.
    (1) motor neuron
    (2) interneuron
    (3) effector
    (4) sensory neuron
    (5) sensory receptor
    A. 5, 1, 2, 3, 4
    B. 5, 3, 2, 4, 1
    C. 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
    D. 5, 2, 3, 4, 1
    E. 5, 4, 2, 1, 3

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. The sensory receptor of the stretch reflex is the
    A. Golgi tendon organ.
    B. muscle spindle.
    C. dorsal root ganglion.
    D. collateral axon.
    E. alpha motor neurons.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.06 Demonstrate a stretch reflex (e.g., patellar or plantar).
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. Stretch reflexes
    A. are learned voluntary responses.
    B. aid in maintaining proper posture.
    C. prevent muscles from being damaged by excessive tension.
    D. cause the removal of limbs from painful stimuli.
    E. prevent falling.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.06 Demonstrate a stretch reflex (e.g., patellar or plantar).
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Which of the following events in a stretch reflex occurs last?
    A. alpha motor neurons transmit action potentials to muscle causing contraction
    B. muscle spindle detects stretch of muscle
    C. afferent neurons conduct action potentials to the spinal cord
    D. afferent neurons synapse with alpha motor neurons
    E. muscle is stretched

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.06 Demonstrate a stretch reflex (e.g., patellar or plantar).
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. Muscle spindles
    A. are innervated by gamma motor neurons.
    B. originate in the spinal cord.
    C. are specialized nerve cells.
    D. are found encapsulated in nerve endings.
    E. are innervated by alpha motor neurons.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Muscles and glands that are capable of producing a response when stimulated by motor neurons are called
    A. aponeuroses.
    B. effectors.
    C. neuromodulators.
    D. receptors.
    E. sensory organs.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H12.02 Describe the locations and functions of the upper and lower motor neurons in a motor pathway.
HAPS Objective: H13.03 Describe examples of specific effectors dually innervated by the two branches of the autonomic nervous system and explain how each branch influences function in a given effector.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. The knee-jerk reflex involves which of the following?
    A. sensory and motor neurons
    B. sensory, association and motor neurons
    C. sensory, motor and inhibitory interneurons
    D. sensory and association neurons
    E. the brain

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H12.03 Explain how decussation occurs in sensory and motor pathways and predict how decussation impacts the correlation of brain damage and symptoms in stroke patients.
HAPS Objective: H13.06 Describe visceral reflex arcs, including structural and functional details of sensory and motor (autonomic) components.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. Gamma motor neurons
    A. are located in tendons.
    B. transmit action potentials to skeletal muscle.
    C. regulate the sensitivity of the muscle spindle.
    D. enable the brain to perceive that a muscle has been stretched.
    E. innervate the whole muscle.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H12.03 Explain how decussation occurs in sensory and motor pathways and predict how decussation impacts the correlation of brain damage and symptoms in stroke patients.
HAPS Objective: H13.06 Describe visceral reflex arcs, including structural and functional details of sensory and motor (autonomic) components.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Section: 12.02

  1. The muscles of the back contract to straighten so that you sit at a more erect posture and subsequently the muscles are suddenly stretched as you nod off. Which of the following best represents the sequence of events when you start to nod off?
    (1) muscles of the back are stretched
    (2) the muscle spindle is stretched
    (3) action potentials in sensory neurons of the muscle spindles increase
    (4) action potentials in alpha motor neurons of skeletal muscle fibers increase
    (5) skeletal muscle of the back contract
    A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    B. 1, 5, 2, 3, 4
    C. 1, 5, 3, 2, 4
    D. 5, 2, 3, 4, 1
    E. 4, 5, 3, 2, 1

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: H12.02 Describe the locations and functions of the upper and lower motor neurons in a motor pathway.
HAPS Objective: H12.03 Explain how decussation occurs in sensory and motor pathways and predict how decussation impacts the correlation of brain damage and symptoms in stroke patients.
HAPS Objective: H13.06 Describe visceral reflex arcs, including structural and functional details of sensory and motor (autonomic) components.
Learning Outcome: 12.02A. Describe the components of a monosynaptic and a polysynaptic reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

Doctor Johansson wants to test a patient’s reflexes by briskly striking the patellar tendon with a reflex hammer. Which reflex is Dr. Johansson testing?

  1. the Golgi tendon reflex.
    B. the withdrawal reflex.
    C.

the knee-jerk reflex.

  1. the crossed extensor reflex.
    E.reciprocal innervation.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.06 Demonstrate a stretch reflex (e.g., patellar or plantar).
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. The reflex that prevents excessive tension in a muscle is the
    A. stretch reflex.
    B. withdrawal reflex.
    C. Golgi tendon reflex.
    D. reciprocal reflex.
    E. crossed extensor reflex.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

Sam is curling very heavy weights and suddenly drops them. Which reflex forced this action by Sam to prevent tendon damage?

muscle spindle reflex

Golgi tendon reflex

gamma motor reflex

withdrawal reflex

alpha motor neuron reflex

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. Stimulation of the Golgi tendon organs result in which of the following changes in the reflex arc?
    A. stimulation of a stimulatory association neuron
    B. stimulation of an inhibitory neuron
    C. decreased action potentials in alpha motor neurons
    D. contraction of skeletal muscle fibers
    E. stimulation of an inhibitory neuron and decreased action potentials in alpha motor neurons

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.02 Describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. A reflex that protects limbs by removing them from painful stimuli is the
    A. stretch reflex.
    B. crossed extensor reflex.
    C. Golgi tendon reflex.
    D. alternating reflex.
    E. withdrawal reflex

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02
Type: Study Guide

  1. Reciprocal innervation
    A. is associated with the Golgi tendon reflex.
    B. stimulates antagonistic muscles.
    C. results in reduced resistance to the reflex.
    D. reinforces the withdrawal reflex.
    E. inhibits the stretch reflex.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. Initiating the withdrawal reflex in both legs at the same time would cause one to
    A.maintain posture longer.
    B. fall.
    C. decrease muscle tension.
    D. develop resistance in one limb and reduce resistance in the other.
    E. hop.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

Because the stretch reflexes can be traced back along certain spinal nerve routes,

they are not used in diagnosis of brain potential brain damage.

they are only useful for diagnosis if there has been damage to the spinal cord.

it is possible to determine what level of the spinal cord may have been damaged.

they are only helpful when diagnosing problems in the extremities.

they are only helpful if the patient is conscious.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. The adaptive significance of the crossed extensor reflex when a person steps on a tack is to
    A.remove the foot from the tack.
    B. increase the rate at which withdrawal of the limb occurs.
    C. slow the rate of removal of the foot from the tack.
    D. reduce the pain sensations.
    E. prevent the person from falling down.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H11.05 Describe a stretch reflex, a flexor (withdrawal) reflex, and a crossed-extensor reflex, and name all components of each reflex arc.
Learning Outcome: 12.02B. Compare and contrast the features of a stretch reflex, a Golgi tendon reflex, a withdrawal reflex, and a crossed extensor reflex
Section: 12.02

  1. The endoneurium
    A. surrounds nerve cell bodies.
    B. surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
    C. bundles axons into fascicles.
    D. bundles fascicles into nerves.
    E. surrounds nerve tracts in the spinal cord.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.03A. Describe the connective tissue components of a nerve.
Section: 12.03
Type: Study Guide

  1. The epineurium
    A. surrounds nerve cell bodies.
    B. surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
    C. bundles axons into fascicles.
    D. bundles fascicles into nerves.
    E. bundles fascicles into axons.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.03A. Describe the connective tissue components of a nerve.
Section: 12.03
Type: Study Guide

  1. The perineurium
    A. surrounds nerve cell bodies.
    B. surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
    C. bundles axons into fascicles.
    D. bundles fascicles into nerves.
    E. bundles fascicles into axons.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
Learning Outcome: 12.03A. Describe the connective tissue components of a nerve.
Section: 12.03
Type: Study Guide

  1. Which of the following statements concerning the structure of spinal nerves is true?
    A. The ventral root contains motor or efferent fibers.
    B. The ventral root has a prominent root ganglion.
    C. Rootlets from the surface of the spinal cord form the dorsal and ventral rami.
    D. Each spinal nerve is formed by the union of a cranial nerve and a spinal nerve.
    E. Spinal nerves do not have specific cutaneous distributions.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03B. List the number and locations of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
Section: 12.03

  1. Which of the following combinations indicates the correct distribution of spinal nerve pairs?
    A. 7 cervical – 12 thoracic – 6 lumbar – 5 sacral – 1 coccygeal
    B. 7 cervical – 12 thoracic – 5 lumbar – 6 sacral – 1 coccygeal
    C. 8 cervical – 12 thoracic – 6 lumbar – 4 sacral – 1 coccygeal
    D. 8 cervical – 12 thoracic – 5 lumbar – 5 sacral – 1 coccygeal
    E. 7 cervical – 13 thoracic – 6 lumbar – 5 sacral – 1 coccygeal

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03B. List the number and locations of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
Section: 12.03
Type: Study Guide

A collapsed intervertebral foramen could affect all of the following spinal nerves EXCEPT

C2-C8

T1-T12

L1-L5

C1

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03B. List the number and locations of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
Section: 12.03

  1. There are ________ cervical spinal nerves.
    A. eight
    B. twelve
    C. six
    D. five
    E. fourteen

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03B. List the number and locations of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
Section: 12.03

  1. A man was in an accident and severed his spinal cord between C6 and C7. Which of the following would NOT occur?
    A. loss of sensation in the trunk below the shoulders, the lower limbs and portions of the arms
    B. loss of use of the phrenic nerves and paralysis of the diaphragm
    C. loss of movement in the lower limbs
    D. loss of the use of the intercostals nerves, and breathing would be affected because the intercostals muscles would be paralyzed
    E. loss of sensation and movement in the jaw

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.04 Identify the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal and ventral roots, and spinal nerves.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03B. List the number and locations of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
Section: 12.03

Damage to which of these nerves would be most life-threatening?

median nerves

phrenic nerves

lumbar nerves

sciatic nerves

radial nerves

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03B. List the number and locations of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
Learning Outcome: 12.03D. Explain the branching of the spinal nerves into rami and plexuses.
Section: 12.03

  1. The brachial plexus supplies nerves that function to contract which of the following?
    A. the diaphragm
    B. intercostal muscles
    C. muscles of the arm and forearm
    D. muscles of the lower limb
    E. abdominal muscles

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.01 Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and specify their location relative to the anatomy of the skeletal system.
HAPS Objective: H10.05 Discuss how the structures root, nerve, ramus, plexus, tract and ganglion relate to one another.
HAPS Objective: H10.06 List the four spinal nerve plexuses and give examples of nerves that emerge from each.
Learning Outcome: 12.03D. Explain the branching of the spinal nerves into rami and plexuses.
Section: 12.03
Type: Study Guide

  1. Dermatomal maps are important clinically because they
    A. can be used to check for motor function.
    B. locate the position of cranial nerves.
    C. can be used to help locate nerve damage.
    D. indicate what muscles are innervated by each spinal nerve.
    E. can be used to detect cranial nerve damage.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.08 Describe the concept of dermatomes and explain why they are clinically significant.
Learning Outcome: 12.03C. Describe a dermatome and its clinical importance.
Section: 12.03

  1. The cutaneous sensory distribution of a spinal nerve can be mapped as a
    A. dermatome.
    B. plexitome.
    C. microtome.
    D. myotome.
    E. superdome.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: H10.08 Describe the concept of dermatomes and explain why they are clinically significant.
Learning Outcome: 12.03C. Describe a dermatome and its clinical importance.
Section: 12.03
Type: Study Guide

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Write a review

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to Top
Product has been added to your cart