Modern Principles of Economics 3rd Edition by Tyler Cowen – Test Bank
Chapter 07 (27)
1. Data from countries around the world suggest that “health and wealth” (measured by infant survival rates and real GDP per capita) are:
A) positively related.
B) negatively related.
2. Wealthier countries have:
A) more conflicts, such as riots and civil wars.
B) higher infant mortality rates.
C) fewer educational opportunities.
D) more material goods.
3. Which statement best describes the cross-country evidence on the relationship between a nation’s GDP per capita and standard measures of societal well-being?
A) GDP per capita is negatively related to measures of societal well-being.
B) GDP per capita is positively related to measures of societal well-being.
C) There is no relationship between GDP per capita and measures of societal well-being.
D) The relationship between GDP per capita and societal well-being is positive at times and negative at times.
4. There is:
A) a strong positive correlation between per capita GDP and infant survival.
B) a weak positive correlation between per capita GDP and infant survival.
C) no correlation between per capita GDP and infant survival.
D) a weak negative correlation between per capita GDP and infant survival.
5. In general, increases in a country’s wealth will cause infant survival rates to:
C) remain unchanged.
D) become unpredictable.
6. Every year, 1.8 million children in poor countries die of diarrhea. Which is most effective in preventing these deaths?
A) government subsidies
B) political reform
C) economic growth
D) humanitarian aid
7. A country’s GDP per capita and infant survival rates usually are:
A) not correlated.
B) somewhat correlated.
C) strongly correlated.
D) correlated only in poor countries.
8. Piped water and flush toilets together can reduce infant mortality from diarrhea by approximately:
D) 70% or more.
9. The correlation between infant mortality and real GDP per capita is:
10. Wealthier nations tend to have:
A) better educational opportunities.
B) lower infant survival rates.
C) lower life expectancy rates.
D) fewer opportunities for leisure and entertainment.