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Memory Foundations And Applications 3rd Edition By Bennett L. Schwartz – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9781506326535
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1506326535

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SKU:tb1002349

Memory Foundations And Applications 3rd Edition By Bennett L. Schwartz – Test Bank

Chapter 6: Visual Memory

Test Bank

Multiple Choice

1. It is difficult to measure recall with visual memory because:
a. the encoding process does not store information in a visual format.
b. recall is always more difficult than implicit memory measures.
c. it is difficult for most participants to produce or describe the contents of visual memory.
d. visual memory is recoded as verbal memory.
Ans: c
Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Visual Memory
Difficulty Level: Easy

2. Analog representation means that:
a. the cognitive representation of images is stored in an abstract language-like code.
b. the cognitive representation of images is stored as a picture in a visual format.
c. the cognitive representation of images is stored in episodic memory only.
d. the cognitive representation of images is stored in olfactory form.
Ans: b
Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Representation and Memory
Difficulty Level: Easy

3. Propositional representation means that:
a. the cognitive representation of images is stored in an abstract language-like code.
b. the cognitive representation of images is stored as a picture in a visual format.
c. the cognitive representation of images is stored in episodic memory only.
d. the cognitive representation of images is stored in olfactory form.
Ans: a
Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Representation and Memory
Difficulty Level: Easy

4. Shepard and Metzler were interested in examining if:
a. determining if representation was analog.
b. people were faster at rotating objects than imagining them.
c. visual memory was housed in the parietal lobe.
d. propositional codes could explain ambiguous figures.
Ans: a
Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Shepard and Metzler’s Mental Rotation Experiment
Difficulty Level: Medium

5. Shepard and Metzler varied the orientation of one picture relative to the other. That is, in some cases, they were perfectly aligned, but in other sets, they were as much as 180 degrees off from each other. They then asked participants to determine if the figures were identical. They then measured:
a. whether the participant could recall the figure later.
b. if one figure implicitly influenced the perception of the other.
c. if propositional codes were actually analog.
d. how long it took participants to decide if the figures were identical.
Ans: d
Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Shepard and Metzler’s Mental Rotation Experiment
Difficulty Level: Easy

6. Shepard and Metzler measured the amount of time it took for participants to come to a decision of same versus different as a function of the degrees of difference between the two figures in a pair. They found that:
a. reaction times were always equivalent, supporting the propositional view.
b. reaction times were inversely proportional to the weighting of each figure in visual memory.
c. the more the two figures were rotated away from each other, the more time it took participants to make their decisions.
d. same judgments were always faster than different judgments.
Ans: c
Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Shepard and Metzler’s Mental Rotation Experiment
Difficulty Level: Easy

7. The Shepard and Metzler experiment has become a classic supporting the:
a. propositional theory of imagery.
b. the supplemental theory of imagery.
c. the analog theory of imagery.
d. the episodic theory of imagery.
Ans: c
Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Shepard and Metzler’s Mental Rotation Experiment
Difficulty Level: Easy

8. Brooks (1968) asked participants to imagine a letter, such as “T,” in their mind’s eye and then were asked to make decisions about the angles in that letter. He found that:
a. responding on the task was difficult because it taxed visual memory.
b. responding on the task using pointing was more difficult than speaking.
c. participants could only complete the task in a quiet room.
d. participants were faster in the task when the letters had been primed.
Ans: b
Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Shepard and Metzler’s Mental Rotation Experiment
Difficulty Level: Medium

 

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