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Medical Terminology Systems 7th Edition by Barbara A. Gylys – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0803635753
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0803635753

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Medical Terminology Systems 7th Edition by Barbara A. Gylys – Test Bank

8. Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Which vessels carry blood away from the heart?
a. Capillaries
b. Veins
c. Lymphatics
d. Venae cavae
e. Arteries

____ 2. The pacemaker of the heart is the:
a. bundle of His.
b. Purkinje fibers.
c. SA node.
d. conduction fibers.
e. AV node.

____ 3. Coronary arteries supply blood to the:
a. lungs.
b. brain.
c. kidneys.
d. myocardium.
e. liver.

____ 4. The sac containing the heart is called the:
a. epicardium.
b. tunica intima.
c. pericardium.
d. coronary membrane.
e. myocardium.

____ 5. Which structure pumps blood into the aorta?
a. Pulmonary vein
b. Pulmonary artery
c. Right atrium
d. Left ventricle
e. Right ventricle

____ 6. Which structure receives deoxygenated blood from the venae cavae?
a. Left atrium
b. Aorta
c. Right atrium
d. Left ventricle
e. Right ventricle

____ 7. Which structure contains blood with the highest oxygen concentration?
a. Superior vena cava
b. Pulmonary artery
c. Right ventricle
d. Coronary arteries
e. Right atrium

____ 8. In which order do conduction impulses pass through these structures, causing the heart to contract?
a. SA node, AV node, AV bundle, Purkinje fibers
b. AV node, SA node, AV bundle, Purkinje fibers
c. AV bundle, AV node, SA node, Purkinje fibers
d. Purkinje fibers, SA node, AV node, AV bundle
e. Purkinje fibers, AV node, SA node, AV bundle

____ 9. Which valve is located between the right atrium and right ventricle?
a. Mitral
b. Pulmonary
c. Aortic
d. Bicuspid
e. Tricuspid

____ 10. Which circular muscle found in tubular structures regulates passage of substances?
a. Lumen
b. Sphincter
c. Leaflet
d. Vegetation
e. Valve

____ 11. Which vessels emerge from the aorta to supply the heart muscle with blood?
a. Coronary arteries
b. Pulmonary arteries
c. Pulmonary veins
d. Superior vena cava
e. Carotid arteries

____ 12. Which microscopic vessel enables nutrients and oxygen to pass into the surrounding tissues?
a. Aorta
b. Vein
c. Capillary
d. Artery
e. Venule

____ 13. Which serous membrane lines the four chambers of the heart and its valves?
a. Endodermis
b. Endothelium
c. Endometrium
d. Endocardium
e. Endomysium

____ 14. What is the contraction phase of the heartbeat that forces blood into the aorta and pulmonary arteries?
a. Vasoconstriction
b. Systole
c. Blood pressure
d. Vasodilation
e. Arrest

____ 15. What is the flattened structure that forms a portion of the heart valve?
a. Lumina
b. Intima
c. Leaflet
d. Tunica
e. Vegetation

____ 16. The combining form (CF) vascul/o means:
a. fatty plaque.
b. blood flow.
c. plug.
d. vessel (usually blood or lymph).
e. pressure.

____ 17. The CF that means narrowing, stricture is:
a. angi/o.
b. sten/o.
c. sphygm/o.
d. thromb/o.
e. vas/o.

____ 18. The CF atri/o means:
a. chamber.
b. ataxia.
c. antrum.
d. atrium.
e. artery.

____ 19. The CF ather/o means:
a. atrium.
b. vessel.
c. antrum.
d. fatty plaque.
e. embolus.

____ 20. The CF phleb/o means:
a. plaque.
b. embolus.
c. vein.
d. hardening.
e. narrowing, stricture.

____ 21. The CF sept/o means:
a. hardening.
b. septum.
c. blood clot.
d. ventricle.
e. atrium.

____ 22. The CF vas/o means:
a. vein.
b. volume.
c. vessel; vas deferens; duct.
d. dilation.
e. constriction.

____ 23. The CF arteri/o means:
a. aorta.
b. artery.
c. blood vessel.
d. aneurysm.
e. embolus.

____ 24. The CF lip/o means:
a. fat.
b. lip.
c. lipase.
d. fatty plaque.
e. sound.

____ 25. The CF embol/o means:
a. suffocating.
b. base.
c. embolus (plug).
d. short.
e. occlude.

____ 26. The suffix -cardia means:
a. pain.
b. narrowing.
c. breathe.
d. beat.
e. heart condition.

____ 27. The suffix -graphy means:
a. record.
b. measuring.
c. process of recording.
d. charting.
e. narrowing.

____ 28. The suffix -gram means:
a. different.
b. foreign.
c. seizure.
d. tying.
e. record, writing.

____ 29. The prefix extra- means:
a. free.
b. strange, unusual.
c. outside.
d. foreign.
e. different.

____ 30. The prefix endo- means:
a. around.
b. beside.
c. beneath.
d. under.
e. in, within.

____ 31. A mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel is called a(n):
a. clot.
b. embolus.
c. thrombus.
d. coagulant.
e. occlusion.

____ 32. Oxygen deficiency in surrounding tissues is called:
a. infarction.
b. malnutrition.
c. dystrophy.
d. anemia.
e. ischemia.

____ 33. Blockage of a vessel is called a(n):
a. occlusion.
b. infarction.
c. anastomosis.
d. patency.
e. angina.

____ 34. Chest pain associated with coronary artery disease is called:
a. ischemia.
b. hyperalgia.
c. angina pectoris.
d. angiodynia.
e. pectorodynia.

____ 35. Backflow of blood in the heart is called:
a. regurgitation.
b. arrhythmia.
c. stenosis.
d. hypoxia.
e. dysrhythmia.

____ 36. A soft, blowing sound heard on auscultation that is associated with movement of blood or valvular action is called:
a. Adams-Stokes syndrome.
b. Cheyne-Stokes syndrome.
c. regurgitation.
d. diaphoresis.
e. bruit.

____ 37. What is the most common cause of infective endocarditis?
a. Viruses
b. Bacteria
c. Fungi
d. Parasites
e. Helminths

____ 38. Incompetent valves in veins may cause:
a. infarction.
b. varicose veins.
c. hypotension.
d. arteriosclerosis.
e. phlebolith.

____ 39. The inability of heart valves to close properly is called:
a. stenosis.
b. insufficiency.
c. commissurotomy.
d. varices.
e. coarctation.

____ 40. A mass composed of fibrin and platelets that collect on valve leaflets or their cords is called a(n):
a. embolus.
b. vegetation.
c. plaque.
d. thrombus.
e. bacterium.

____ 41. Narrowing of any vessel, especially the aorta, is called:
a. coarctation.
b. patency.
c. fibrillation.
d. ischemia.
e. thrombosis.

____ 42. Quivering or spontaneous muscle contraction, especially of the heart, is called:
a. ischemia.
b. thrombosis.
c. embolism.
d. fibrillation.
e. patency.

____ 43. A rapid, slow, or irregular heartbeat is called:
a. bruit.
b. arrhythmia.
c. coarctation.
d. aneurysm.
e. occlusion.

____ 44. Although rare, the most common primary tumor of the heart is:
a. melanoma.
b. sarcoma.
c. cardioma.
d. myxoma.
e. angioma.

____ 45. Disease of the heart muscle is called:
a. endocarditis.
b. coronary artery disease.
c. valvular heart disease.
d. coronary fibrillation.
e. cardiomyopathy.

____ 46. Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart, usually caused by bacteria, is called:
a. myocarditis.
b. valvulitis.
c. pericarditis.
d. endocarditis.
e. angiitis.

____ 47. An obstruction caused by any foreign substance, including a blood clot within that vessel, is called:
a. aneurysm.
b. angina.
c. infarction.
d. fibroid.
e. embolism.

____ 48. An abnormal widening or ballooning of a blood vessel resulting from a wall weakness is called:
a. stenosis.
b. commissure.
c. aneurysm.
d. sclerosis.
e. angiopathy.

____ 49. An excessive amount of fatty material in the blood is called:
a. polycythemia.
b. hyperglycemia.
c. cholesterolemia.
d. hyperlipidemia.
e. hyperketonemia.

____ 50. Which disorder is characterized by blood pressure persistently exceeding 140/90?
a. High blood pressure
b. Hypertension
c. Hypotension
d. Cardioversion
e. Polycythemia

____ 51. Which disorder is characterized by failure of the bicuspid valve to close properly?
a. Pulmonic valve prolapse
b. Atrioventricular prolapse
c. Sino-atrial prolapse
d. Atrioventricular prolapse
e. Mitral valve prolapse

____ 52. Small masses composed of fibrin and platelets that collect on the leaflets of the heart or their cords as a result of bacteremia are called:
a. thrombi.
b. emboli.
c. vegetations.
d. myxomas.
e. varices.

____ 53. Inflammation of the aorta is called:
a. aortic stenosis.
b. arteritis.
c. aortitis.
d. aortectasis.
e. coarctation.

____ 54. The condition of varicose veins in the esophagus is called:
a. thrombocythemia.
b. occlusion.
c. telangiectases.
d. varices.
e. thrombi.

____ 55. Abnormal thickening and hardening of fatty plaque within the blood vessels is called:
a. atherosclerosis.
b. lipidemia.
c. cholesterolemia.
d. arteriosclerosis.
e. atherostenosis.

____ 56. Which diagnostic procedure assesses blood flow velocity in different areas of the heart?
a. Phonocardiography
b. Echocardiography
c. Doppler echocardiography
d. Digital subtraction angiography
e. Angiography

____ 57. Which procedure detects blood flow, the condition of vessel walls, and blockages without using a contrast medium?
a. Cardiac catheterization
b. Nuclear perfusion study
c. Multiple-gated acquisition scan
d. Single-photon emission computed tomography
e. Magnetic resonance angiography

____ 58. Which procedure involves passage of a balloon catheter through an occluded coronary vessel to compress plaque against the artery walls?
a. Bypass surgery
b. Angioplasty
c. Cardiac catheterization
d. Cardioplasty
e. Cardioversion

____ 59. Which procedure coagulates blood inside a varicose vein to collapse and seal it?
a. Commissurotomy
b. Laser ablation
c. Microphlebectomies
d. Ligation and stripping
e. Sclerotherapy

____ 60. Which procedure removes a blood clot?
a. Thrombopoiesis
b. Catheterization
c. Thrombectomy
d. Valvotomy
e. Venisection

____ 61. Which procedure records patterns of electrical activity in the heart to help diagnose abnormal heart rhythms?
a. Electrotherapy
b. Electromyography
c. Electrocorticography
d. Electroencephalography
e. Electrocardiography

____ 62. In a blood pressure reading of 120/80 mm Hg, the 80 is:
a. systolic pressure.
b. pulse rate.
c. respiration rate.
d. diastolic pressure.
e. hemoglobin value.

____ 63. Which endovascular procedure reopens narrowed blood vessels?
a. Angiorrhaphy
b. Venipuncture
c. Fibrillation
d. Angioplasty
e. Perfusion

____ 64. Which procedure involves an ECG taken with a small portable recorder capable of storing information up to 24 hours?
a. Stress test
b. Nuclear stress test
c. Electrocardiogram
d. Cardiac monitor test
e. Holter monitor test

____ 65. Which procedure involves surgical removal of plaque from the inside of an artery?
a. Arterectomy
b. Angiectomy
c. Catheterization
d. Aneurysmectomy
e. Endarterectomy

____ 66. Which procedure involves insertion of a device to hold open a vessel, usually performed after vascular surgery?
a. Catheterization
b. Embolization
c. Stent placement
d. ICD implant
e. Electrode placement

____ 67. Which procedure involves an electrical shock delivered randomly during the cardiac cycle to treat emergent life-threatening arrhythmias?
a. Cardioversion
b. Defibrillation
c. ICD placement
d. Stent placement
e. Catheterization

____ 68. Which procedure involves injection of a chemical irritant into a vein to treat varicose veins?
a. Hydrotherapy
b. Chemotherapy
c. Sclerotherapy
d. Radiotherapy
e. Irotomy

____ 69. Which procedure involves the destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called clot-busters?
a. Thrombolysis
b. Embolysis
c. Embolectomy
d. Thrombosis
e. Thrombectomy

____ 70. Which procedure involves incision of a valve to increase the size of an opening?
a. Valvectomy
b. Valvotomy
c. Valvuloplasty
d. Valvorrhaphy
e. Valvocentesis

____ 71. Which treatment for cardiac arrhythmias uses energy delivered by a thin intravascular tube?
a. Aneurysmectomy
b. Cardiectasis
c. Angiorrhaphy
d. Catheter ablation
e. Commissurotomy

____ 72. Which diagnostic test involves a series of blood tests that include total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides?
a. Ischemic profile
b. Infarction profile
c. CAD profile
d. Cardiac insufficiency profile
e. Lipid profile

____ 73. Which procedure involves surgical puncture of the fibrous sac surrounding the heart to withdraw fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes?
a. Cardiocentesis
b. Endocardial biopsy
c. Myocardiopathy
d. Pericardiocentesis
e. Pericardiolysis

____ 74. Which blood test measures the presence and amount of troponin T, troponin I, and creatine kinase (CK-MB)?
a. Complete blood test
b. Lipid profile
c. Cardiac enzyme studies
d. Cardiotoxic studies
e. Blood chemistry studies

____ 75. Which isotope imaging test detects coronary artery disease by the presence of a “cold spot”?
a. Nuclear perfusion study
b. Single-photon emission computed tomography
c. Cardiac catheterization
d. Coronary angiography
e. Multiple-gated acquisition scan


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