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Medical Language for Modern Health 3rd Edition by David Allan -Test Bank

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Medical Language for Modern Health 3rd Edition by David Allan -Test Bank

Chapter 006: Urinary System

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does the root of the word nephrectomy refer to?
A. Removal of
B. Nephron
C. Kidney
D. Urine
E. Glomerulus

2. The medical specialty that relates to diseases of the kidney is:
A. Cytology
B. Nephrology
C. Cystology
D. Histology
E. Renalology

3. What is the term for the removal of metabolic waste?
A. Excretion
B. Excision
C. Extracorporal
D. Exophthalmos
E. Export

4. Which of the following is NOT considered metabolic waste?
A. Carbon dioxide
B. Water
C. Electrolytes
D. Amino acids
E. Nitrogenous compounds

Fill in the Blank Questions

5. This is produced when amino acid is broken down _____________________.

6. The hollow sac that holds fluids is _____________________.

Multiple Choice Questions

7. Which of the following refers to the kidney?
A. Islets of Langerhans
B. McBurney point
C. Fowler position
D. Loop of Henle
E. von Wilhelm disease

8. In the term peritubular, what does the prefix mean?
A. Over
B. Within
C. Around
D. Under
E. Distant

9. What does the suffix in the word nitrogenous mean?
A. Nitrogen
B. One who studies
C. Create
D. Pertaining to
E. Containing

Fill in the Blank Questions

10. Outer layer of an organ is _______________________.

Multiple Choice Questions

11. What is the organ located on one side of the vertebral column, behind the peritoneum and the spleen and against the deep muscles of the back?
A. Right kidney
B. Pancreas
C. Ureter
D. Left kidney
E. Gallbladder

12. The plural of the term cortex is:
A. Cortices
B. Cortexes
C. Corteces
D. Corti
E. Cortises

13. What does the root of the word renal mean?
A. Pertaining to
B. Kidney
C. Nephron
D. Filtration
E. Render in balanced

14. Which is NOT a function of the kidneys:
A. Filter blood to eliminate wastes
B. Regulate blood volume
C. Maintain homeostasis
D. Maintain cerebral spinal fluid
E. Secrete the hormone erythropoietin

15. What is the medical term for a plexus of capillaries in the nephron?
A. Hilum
B. Brachial plexus
C. Glomerulus
D. Arterioles
E. Bronchioles

16. What is the end product of nitrogen metabolism?
A. Ammonia
B. Urine
C. Urea
D. Nitrites
E. Nitrates

17. Which vessel carries waste-laden blood to the kidney?
A. Renal artery
B. Renal vein
C. Urethral artery
D. Urethral vein
E. Kidney artery

18. What is the process by which excess water and waste products are removed from the blood?
A. Excretion
B. Digestion
C. Perfusion
D. Filtration
E. Reabsorption

19. What is the medical term for the part of an organ where vessels and nerves enter and leave?
A. Hilum
B. Portal
C. Threshold
D. Terminal
E. Opening

Fill in the Blank Questions

20. An enzyme that causes vasoconstriction is _________________.

Multiple Choice Questions

21. Which word has the Greek meaning of urinary canal?
A. Urine
B. Bladder
C. Urethra
D. Ureter
E. Catheter

22. What are the three regions of the kidney?
A. Cortex, medulla, and pelvis
B. Cortex, parietal lobes, and hilum
C. Medulla, nephron, and tubules
D. Pelvis, bladder, and urethra
E. Cortex, adenoma, and pelvis

23. What is the medical term for the filtration unit of the kidney?
A. Pelvis
B. Calyx
C. Nephron
D. Medulla
E. Cortex

24. What is the correct spelling of the term that means inflammation of the canal leading from the bladder to the outside?
A. Uretritis
B. Ureteritis
C. Urethritis
D. Meatitis
E. Cystitis

25. The external opening of a passage is called:
A. Meatus
B. Urethra
C. Ureter
D. Bladder
E. Trigone

26. Where are nephrons located?
A. In the cortex
B. In the medulla
C. In the glomerulus
D. In the pelvis
E. In the loop of Henle

27. What is the medical term for the fluid and dissolved substances that are excreted by the kidney?
A. Exudates
B. Filtrate
C. Urine
D. Urea
E. Urate

28. What does the root of the word permeable mean?
A. Pertaining to
B. Able
C. Process
D. Permanent
E. Pass through

29. What is the term for the funnel-shaped structure in the kidneys that forms into the ureter?
A. The urinary bladder
B. The renal pelvis
C. The nephron
D. The meatus
E. The Bowman’s capsule

30. What does the suffix in the term urination mean?
A. Process
B. Elimination
C. Waste product
D. Pertaining to
E. Condition

31. Approximately how many capillaries make up the glomerulus?
A. 1000
B. 750
C. 3400
D. 25
E. 50

32. Which of the following terms has two prefixes?
A. Semipermeable
B. Reabsorption
C. Nephrectomy
D. Ammonia
E. Urination

33. Which of the following items is NOT found in the filtrate that enters the renal tubule?
A. Urea
B. Glucose
C. Electrolytes
D. Plasma proteins
E. Vitamins

Fill in the Blank Questions

34. A small stone is a __________________.


Multiple Choice Questions

35. What mechanism is used in the kidneys to regulate blood volume and pressure?
A. Excretion of urea
B. Filtration of blood
C. Elimination of water
D. Reabsorption of vitamins
E. Peristalsis in the urethra

36. What is the correct spelling of the plural form of calculus?
A. Calculuses
B. Calculi
C. Calculum
D. Calculae
E. Calculie

37. What does the prefix in the term extracorporeal mean?
A. Many
B. Additional
C. Around
D. Outside
E. Functional

Fill in the Blank Questions

38. The _____________ is the name of the muscular tube that carries urine from the renal pelvis to the urinary bladder.


Multiple Choice Questions

39. What is the mechanism by which urine is moved downwards toward the urinary bladder?
A. Capillary action
B. Valves along the length of the ureter
C. Muscular peristaltic waves
D. External muscles squeezing on the local structures
E. Free-water flush

40. Dilation of pelvis and calyces of a kidney is:
A. Hydronephrosis
B. Pyelonephritis
C. Urethritis
D. Curettage
E. Atherosclerosis

41. Which of the following minerals contributes to the formation of kidney stones?
A. Calcium chloride
B. Sodium chloride
C. Potassium sorbate
D. Calcium oxalate
E. Sodium hydroxide

Fill in the Blank Questions

42. Micturition is the passage of urine, also described as ____________ or _____________.


Multiple Choice Questions

43. Proper pronunciation of the medical term lithotripsy is:
A. LITH-a-trip-cee
B. LITH-oh-trip-see
C. Lith-oh-trup-tee
D. Lith-OH-rip-cee
E. LITH-oh-TRIP-tee

44. Choose the correctly spelled medical term.
A. Micktutrition
B. mictrition
C. Micturition
D. Mickterition
E. micterition

45. Which of the following abbreviations has no relation to the urinary system?

46. Which medical term means blood in the urine?
A. Nephritis
B. Pyelonephritis
C. Incontinence
D. Hematuria
E. Dysuria

47. What does the suffix in the term hydronephrosis mean?
A. Water
B. Nephron
C. Condition
D. Within
E. To remove

48. Crushing a renal stone by sound waves is:
A. Nephrolithiasis
B. Lithotomy
C. Calculectomy
D. Cholecystectomy
E. Lithotripsy

49. What is the term for an instrument that generates sound waves?
A. Generator
B. Echogram
C. Lithotripter
D. Lithosounder
E. Tripsillator

50. What is the medical term for an incision for removal of a stone?
A. Nephrotomy
B. Nephrectomy
C. Lithonephrotomy
D. Lithectomy
E. Nephrolithotomy

51. What does the suffix in the term nephroscope mean?
A. Kidney
B. Nephron
C. To view
D. Instrument
E. To discover


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