Making of the West Peoples and Cultures Value Edition 5th Edition By Hunt – Test Bank
Choose the letter of the best answer.
1. How did the growth of a money economy help change fundamental positions in the church toward wealth?
A) It led theologians to become early proponents of modern capitalism.
B) It spurred on the creation of new monastic orders emphasizing poverty and reform.
C) It forced church leaders to create new systems of banking and finance.
D) It had little or no impact on the church’s traditional condemnations of wealth.
2. Medieval fairs functioned primarily as
A) sources of entertainment.
C) venues for arranging marriages.
D) religious festivals.
3. How did the situation of Jews in northern Europe change from the tenth to the eleventh century?
A) Many Jews were enslaved, as anti-Semitism rose throughout the region.
B) Many Jews were driven off their land in the countryside and found new homes in towns and cities.
C) Their conditions improved, as local lords and kings granted them the same rights and privileges as their Christian subjects.
D) Their situation remained the same, as Christian rulers did not change their policies toward their Jewish subjects.
4. How did medieval cities differ from cities in the ancient world?
A) Medieval cities sprang up as centers of commerce and economic activity, whereas ancient cities emerged to meet religious, social, and political needs.
B) Medieval cities featured thick walls to defend against invading Magyars, Vikings, and Saracens, while ancient cities did not need such walled fortifications because of the peace that predominated in the Hellenistic and Roman worlds.
C) Medieval cities featured far better systems of sanitation, since medieval engineers were able to improve upon the models and systems designed by Romans and Greeks.
D) Medieval cities were usually run directly by ecclesiastical authorities, whereas cities in the Roman and Hellenistic world were controlled by emperors, senates, and despots.
5. Most developing cities featured
A) a castle, a cathedral, and stone houses.
B) a castle, wooden houses, and a monastery.
C) a marketplace, a castle, and churches.
D) a marketplace, a park, and a cathedral.
6. The centers of commerce that developed during the commercial revolution tended to grow fastest and most densely
A) around fortified castles.
B) along key waterways, including seacoasts and river systems.
C) around monasteries and churches.
D) on the sites of old Roman forts.
7. What name was given to those on the middle rung of the guild hierarchy in medieval Europe?
A) Senior apprentices
8. In northern and central Italy, most long-term business ventures were structured as
A) corporations with a board of directors and shareholders.
B) family corporations run by those within an extended family.
C) joint-stock corporations that sold common shares to all interested parties.
D) royal partnerships over which the local kings had ultimate power.
9. Because of the church’s ban on usury,
A) interest from loans was often disguised as a penalty charge for late payment.
B) many wealthy men subsidized trade without charging interest.
C) few were willing to invest in new businesses.
D) almost all commercial capital was supplied by Jews.
10. How did the diversely employed inhabitants of medieval towns express solidarity?
A) By petitioning local rulers for the right of self-government
B) By dressing and behaving differently from neighboring towns
C) By demanding that the castellans exempt them from the corvée
D) By seeking marriage alliances with aristocrats