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Introduction To Criminology Why Do They Do 2nd edition by Pamela J. Schram – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1506378439
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1506378435

Original price was: $66.00.Current price is: $28.00.

SKU:tb1002578

Introduction To Criminology Why Do They Do 2nd edition by Pamela J. Schram – Test Bank

Chapter 09

Schram, Introduction to Criminology

 

1. ___________ is considered one of the most influential criminologists of the 20th century and introduced differential association theory.

a. Sheldon
b. Tarde
c. Shaw and McKay
*d. Sutherland

General Feedback:
Page 217; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

2. In the process of classical conditioning, the organism, animal, or person is a __________ actor in the process, simply receiving stimuli and responding.

*a. passive
b. involved
c. active
d. dynamic

General Feedback:
Page 219; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

3. What critical influence did Sutherland leave out of this differential association theory?

a. family
*b. media
c. friends
d. community

General Feedback:
Page 221; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

4. ___________ is a learning model based on the association between an action and feedback following the action.

a. modeling
b. classical conditioning
c. imitation
*d. operant conditioning

General Feedback:
Page 222; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

5. Akers and Burgess integrated Sutherland’s work with contributions from the field of _____________.

a. sociology
b. psychiatry
*c. social psychology
d. psychology

General Feedback:
Page 222; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

6. Differential associations vary in all of the following EXCEPT:

a. duration
b. frequency
c. priority
*d. moderation

General Feedback:
Page 217; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

7. Studies testing differential reinforcement theory have used four groups of variables or factors. Choose the one below that is not considered one of these variables.

a. associations
b. modeling
*c. rewards and punishments
d. definitions

General Feedback:
Page 229; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

8. The neutralizing techniques found primarily in corporate settings is ____________, which essentially is the belief that an individual or group has done so much good that he or she is entitles to mess up by doing something illegal.

a. appeal to higher loyalties
b. defense of necessity
c. condemning the condemner
*d. metaphor of the ledger

General Feedback:
Page 232; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

9. The text states that it is arguable that ____________ may have the most empirical validity of any contemporary (nonintegrated) model of criminal offending.

a. neutralization theory
*b. differential reinforcement theory
c. power-control theory
d. containment theory

General Feedback:
Page 230; Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge

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