Human Geography 13Th Edition By Mark Bjelland – Test Bank
1) Ethnic minorities are first and foremost associated with homelands. This is true of which of the following?
- A) Basques
- B) Welsh
- C) Bretons
- D) All of these
2) Race is an inherited biological characteristic, ethnicity is a learned cultural characteristic.
3) Prior to 1870, the chief sources of American immigrants were ________.
- A) East Asia and Northwestern Europe
- B) Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeastern Europe
- C) Latin America and East Asia
- D) Northwestern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa
4) During the period of 1870-1921, the dominant source of American immigrants was________.
- A) Latin America
- B) Northwestern Europe
- C) Eastern and Southern Europe
- D) East Asia
5) Immigration to the United States slowed considerably after the First World War and remained low until the ________.
- A) 1990s
- B) 1980s
- C) 1970s
- D) 1960s
6) What is the adoption by immigrants of the values, attitudes, ways of behavior, and speech of the receiving society?
- A) acculturation
- B) behavioral assimilation
- C) structural assimilation
- D) complete domestication
7) According to Zelinsky, an underlying principle for a charter culture is “first effective settlement.”
8) Can the Hispanic influence in the American Southwest be considered an example of a charter culture?
- A) Yes
- B) No
9) Ethnic islands are only found in inner city locations.
10) Urban enclaves of ethnic groups that were the product of the influence of the initial ethnic settlers on family members, friends, and neighbors to come to such areas are categorized as which type of migration?
- A) step migration
- B) return migration
- C) chain migration
- D) cluster migration
11) When an ethnic island increases in size such that its population ranges into millions of people of a particular ethnicity, we have seen the development of an ethnic province.
12) Although conditions have changed markedly relative to agriculture in the southern United States and industry in the northern United States, the largest concentration of African-American population remains in the American South.
13) Reverse migration of Blacks to the American South was most pronounced in which time period?
- A) 1940s-1960s
- B) 1950s-1970s
- C) 1960s-1980s
- D) 1970s-1990s
14) The most rapidly growing segment of the minority ethnic groups in the United States in terms of total population is ________.
- A) African-American
- B) Asian
- C) Hispanic
- D) Native American
15) Which ethnicity is the charter group of Quebec?
- A) English
- B) French
- C) Ukrainian
- D) Aboriginal
16) The index of residential dissimilarity is an indicator of ethnic differences in terms of ________.
- A) housing stock
- B) architecture
- C) segregation
- D) social distance
17) Which of these is the result of an external control practiced more by a charter group than a competing ethnic minority group when a neighborhood is going through ethnic change?
- A) defense
- B) support
- C) preservation
- D) tipping point
18) When an ethnic cluster persists because of internal controls practiced by an ethnic group, the spatial result is a ghetto.
19) Native-born, notably white Americans seem to be changing their areal concentration as a response to new immigrant settlement activity. This response is characterized by ________.
- A) movement into inner city neighborhoods
- B) movement into suburbs
- C) movement to coastal locations that are receiving new immigrants
- D) movement away from coastal locations that are receiving new immigrants
- E) movement into suburbs and movement away from coastal locations that are receiving new immigrants