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Health Safety And Nutrition for the Young Child 9th Edition By Lynn R. Marotz – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9781285427331
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1285427331

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SKU:tb1001791

Health Safety And Nutrition for the Young Child 9th Edition By Lynn R. Marotz – Test Bank

Chapter 09: Management of Injuries and Acute Illness

1. Disposable gloves should be worn whenever administering first aid to a bleeding wound. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Responding to Medical Emergencies LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.01 – Discuss the steps schools should take to prepare for medical emergencies. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.04d – Reflecting on their own practice to promote positive outcomes for each child. United States – NHES.01 – Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 2. The primary objective of emergency care is to save lives. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Emergency Care vs. First Aid LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.02 – Describe how emergency care and first aid differ. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.04d – Reflecting on their own practice to promote positive outcomes for each child. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 3. A child who is not breathing should be placed on his or her side to prevent choking. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 4. Individuals who administer emergency care to injured persons are protected from liability by the Good Samaritan laws. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Emergency Care vs First Aid LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.02 – Describe how emergency care and first aid differ. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 5. Direct pressure should be applied for several minutes to stop bleeding. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.05a – Understanding content knowledge and resources in academic disciplines: language and literacy: the arts-music, creative movement, dance, drama, visual arts, mathematics, science, physical activity, physical education, health and safety: and social studies. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 6. Teachers should splint a child’s suspected fracture before calling emergency medical services (EMS). a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.05a – Understanding content knowledge and resources in academic disciplines: language and literacy: the arts-music, creative movement, dance, drama, visual arts, mathematics, science, physical activity, physical education, health and safety: and social studies. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 7. You would begin the Heimlich maneuver immediately if you saw a child choking on food. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.05a – Understanding content knowledge and resources in academic disciplines: language and literacy: the arts-music, creative movement, dance, drama, visual arts, mathematics, science, physical activity, physical education, health and safety: and social studies. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s:Remembering 8. A child who appears to be in shock should be given ample fluids to drink. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.05a – Understanding content knowledge and resources in academic disciplines: language and literacy: the arts-music, creative movement, dance, drama, visual arts, mathematics, science, physical activity, physical education, health and safety: and social studies. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 9. Small beads, latex balloons, and coins present a choking hazard for young children. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.01a – Knowing and understanding young children’s characteristics and needs, from birth through age 8. United States – NHES.01 – Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 10. Children who develop shortness of breath following a bee sting may be experiencing an allergic reaction. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.01a – Knowing and understanding young children’s characteristics and needs, from birth through age 8. United States – NHES.01 – Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 11. A bite from an infected tick can cause Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 12. If a child’s permanent tooth is knocked out it cannot be saved. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 13. Your next-door neighbor brings over her three-year-old daughter who has accidentally spilled liquid drain cleaner (lye) on her arms and legs. Treatment of chemical burns requires immediate action. You should immediately: a. rush the child to a doctor’s office b. pour milk over the burned areas to neutralize the lye c. call the nearest Poison Control Center for instructions d. wash the chemical off under running water for at least 10 to 15 minutes ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 14. A three-year-old boy has just eaten 15 to 20 ibuprofen from a bottle in your purse and is still conscious. Before calling the Poison Control Center, you should: a. give the child a glass of milk or water to drink to dilute the medication b. have the child drink a small amount of lemon juice or vinegar to neutralize the ibuprofen c. give the child nothing to eat or drink d. force the child to throw up ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 15. Shock often accompanies severe injuries. The symptoms of shock may include all the following EXCEPT: a. rapid breathing b. weak pulse c. dry, flushed skin d. confusion ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 16. A child receives frostbite on the tips of several fingers. Your immediate action would be to: a. rewarm the child’s fingers quickly by immersing them in hot water b. apply an ice pack to decrease pain and swelling c. rub the fingers briskly to restore circulation d. bring the child indoors and let the fingers gradually rewarm themselves ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: | Bloom’s: Applying 17. A child in your classroom just stuck scissors into the electrical outlet. Your immediate action would be to: a. grab the child and pull him away from the outlet b. call for emergency medical assistance (EMS) c. locate and turn off the circuit breaker d. roll the child onto his back and treat for shock ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 18. A child develops a nosebleed during outdoor time. Your actions should be to: a. take the child inside, have her lie down quietly, and apply pressure to her nose b. have the child rest quietly; put ice or a cold cloth on the back of her neck c. pinch her nostrils together for at least five minutes with the child in a sitting position d. call for emergency medical assistance (EMS) ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 19. A child burns several fingers during a classroom cooking activity. Your immediate action should be to: a. apply first aid ointment to the burned areas b. wash the burned area with soap and water to prevent infection c. immerse the fingers in cool water d. quickly cover the burned area with butter ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 20. Ainsley, age 22 months, stumbles while running across the classroom, falls and hits her head on the floor, and stops breathing. You would immediately begin CPR at the rate of breath(s) to 30 chest compressions. a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 21. A child who experiences a blow to the head may exhibit all of the following signs except: a. unequal pupil size b. unusual breath odor c. forceful vomiting d. slurred speech ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 22. A burned area that develops blisters is classified as a: a. first degree burn b. second degree burn c. third degree burn d. critical burn ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 23. Emergency treatment of unintentional poisoning: a. always involves making the child vomit b. differs depending on the category of substance ingested c. is determined by the amount of substance ingested d. is based on the child’s age and body weight ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 24. Signs of a serious head injury: a. may not appear for several hours b. can be observed within minutes of the injury c. are generally nothing to worry about if the child is able to get up and walk away d. only serious if the child is knocked unconscious ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 25. A child who has diabetes and develops signs of hypoglycemia should be given: a. more insulin b. a peanut butter sandwich c. nothing to eat or drink d. a glass of orange juice ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 26. In CPR, a rescue breath should last approximately: a. one second b. one minute c. five seconds d. until the victim begins breathing ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 27. In the case of heat stroke, you would expect a child’s temperature to be: a. normal b. elevated c. below normal d. unstable ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 28. Grapes, peanuts, and hot dogs are considered common hazards for young children. ANSWER: choking POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 29. The majority of deaths due to choking occur in . ANSWER: infants POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 30. Initial treatment of a sprained ankle would include and applying an ____________________ ____________________ to the area. ANSWER: elevation, ice pack POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Non-Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.04 – Identify six non-life-threatening conditions and describe the first aid treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06a – Identifying and involving oneself with the early childhood field. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 31. To dislodge an object that is obstructing an infant’s airway, you would administer five back blows, five ____________________ ____________________, and then repeat these steps until the object can be removed. ANSWER: chest thrusts POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 32. To administer the Heimlich maneuver to a five-year-old, wrap your arms around the child, place your fisted hand between the tip of the ____________________ ____________________ and the navel, grasp with the other hand, and press firmly against the abdomen with a quick, thrust. ANSWER: rib cage, upward POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 33. You can expect the skin of a child who is in shock to be and . ANSWER: pale, cool cool, pale pale, clammy clammy, pale POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 34. To treat a child who is in shock, you should immediately the feet. ANSWER: elevate POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 35. Reddened skin and/or burns around a child’s mouth would indicate that a strong poison was probably ingested. ANSWER: alkali acid POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 36. An EpiPen is used to treat a child who is having a severe ____________________ ____________________ . ANSWER: allergic reaction POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 37. To place a child in the recovery position, you would roll her onto her . ANSWER: side POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remembering 38. List eight items that you would include in a first-aid kit. ANSWER: (See Teacher Checklist 9-1.) A few essential items to include in a first-aid kit would be bandages, cotton balls, a flashlight, sterile gauze pads, instant cold pack, disposable gloves, alcohol, antibacterial soap, tweezers, a first-aid book, and emergency telephone numbers. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Responding to Medical Emergencies LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.01 – Discuss the steps schools should take to prepare for medical emergencies. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Applying 39. How would you determine whether or not a toddler is breathing? ANSWER: First, you would attempt to arouse the child by gently shaking or tapping; call out the child’s name and wait briefly for a response; position (head tilt­chin lift) the child’s head to open the airway; listen carefully for spontaneous breathing; and, watch for the chest to move up/down. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyzing 40. If CPR procedures have been initiated, under what conditions can they be stopped? ANSWER: They should not be stopped until the child either resumes breathing on her own or emergency medical personnel arrive. Stopping CPR procedures before then may lead to cardiac arrest. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyzing 41. What age group experiences the highest rate of deaths due to airway obstruction? Why? ANSWER: Children under one year account for nearly 66 percent of deaths due to choking. Their normal developmental curiosities and behaviors, such as putting everything into their mouths, place them at very high risk for choking. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyzing 42. What foods are most likely to cause choking in children under age five? ANSWER: Foods such as raw carrots and apples, hot dogs, grapes, peanut butter sandwiches, nuts, popcorn, and round hard candies frequently cause airway obstruction in young children. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyzing 43. Briefly explain teachers’ professional responsibility in the event that a child sustains a serious injury. ANSWER: Teachers are responsible for administering the initial emergency care for any life- threatening injuries in order to save lives, reduce pain and suffering, and avoid further harm. This includes contacting emergency medical services if their assistance is needed. The child’s family should also be contacted once the child has been stabilized so they can arrange for any additional treatment that may be necessary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Emergency Care vs. First Aid LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.02 – Describe how emergency care and first aid differ. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyzing 44. The emergency treatment of accidental poisoning varies depending on the type of substance the child has swallowed. What signs would help you to determine the appropriate treatment? ANSWER: Burns around the mouth, lips and/or chin would indicate that the child has probably ingested a strong acid or alkali substance. Treatment for this type of poisoning would include: not giving the child anything to drink, not making the child vomit, calling the Poison Control Center and following their instructions, observing the child closely for signs of shock or difficulty breathing and providing treatment as necessary. If the swallowed substance is a petroleum-based product, you would likely detect an odor of gasoline or kerosene on the child’s breath. Treatment for this type of poisoning would be the same as for strong acids/alkalis. The child should be transported immediately to a hospital or emergency medical facility at once. If neither of these signs are observed, quickly contact the Poison Control Center and follow their instructions. Continue to observe the child closely for signs of shock or difficulty breathing and treat as necessary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Life-Threatening Conditions LEARNING OBJECTIVES: hsn.maro.09.09.03 – Name six life-threatening conditions and demonstrate the emergency treatment for each. NATIONAL STANDARDS: United States – NAEYC.06d – Intergrating knowledgeable reflective, and critical perspectives on early education. United States – NHES.05 – Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skils to enhance health. KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyzing

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