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Hamric and Hanson’s Advanced Practice Nursing 6th Edition Tracy O’Grady Test Bank

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  • Chapters: 24
  • Format: PDF
  • ISBN-13: 978-0323447751
  • ISBN-10: 0323447759
  • Publisher‎ Saunders
  • Authors:  Mary Fran Tracy, Eileen T. O’Grady



Hamric and Hanson’s Advanced Practice Nursing 6th Edition Tracy O’Grady Test Bank

Table of Contents

Part I: Historical and Developmental Aspects of Advanced Practice Nursing 

1. Highlights from the History of Advanced Practice Nursing in the United States
2. Conceptualizations of Advanced Practice Nursing   3. A Definition of Advanced Practice Nursing
4. Role Development of the Advanced Practice Nurse
5. Evolving and Innovative Opportunities for Advanced Practice Nursing
6. International Development of Advanced Practice Nursing NEW more global focus
Part II: Competencies of Advanced Practice Nursing
7. Direct Clinical Practice
8. Coaching and Guidance
9. Consultation
10. Evidence-Based Practice and Research 11. Leadership 12. Collaboration NEW emphasis on inter professional collaborative practice 
13. Ethical Decision Making



Part III: Advanced Practice Roles: The Operational Definitions of Advanced Practice Nursing 

14. The Clinical Nurse Specialist
15. The Primary Care Nurse Practitioner
16. The Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
17. The Certified Nurse-Midwife
18. The Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist
Part IV: Critical Elements in Managing Advanced Nursing Practice Environments
19. Business Planning and Reimbursement Mechanisms 20. Marketing and Negotiation
21. Understanding Regulatory, Legal, and Credentialing Requirements
22. Health Policy Issues in Changing Environments
23. An Integrative Review of APRN Outcomes and Performance Improvement
24. Using Outcomes and Performance Improvement Data to Evaluate and Improve Practice

Advanced Practice Nursing, 6th Edition TESTBANK

Chapter 1: Highlights from the History of Advanced Practice Nursing in the United States
Test Bank
Multiple Choice
1. In which year did the American Association of College of Nursing (AACN) introduced the
Doctorate of Nursing Practice (DNP)?
a. 2006
b. 2004
c. 2000
d. 2002
The AACN introduced the DNP degree in 2004 to prepare advanced practice nurses (APRNs) to
meet challenges and standardize practice beyond master’s degree programs.
2. Which of the following is the best explanation for the creation of the Doctorate of Nursing
Practice (DNP) degree?
a. To compete against master’s degree programs
b. To ensure standardized curriculum ensuring independent practice
c. To validate APRN’s for financial reimbursement
d. To address increasing curriculum requirements of master’s degree programs
Although all answers are influenced by the DNP core competencies, the DNP program creation in
2004 by the AACN was designed to address curriculum requirements of master’s degree programs.
3. Which of the following was the first recognized area of advanced practice nursing?
a. Clinical Nurse Specialist
b. Family nurse practitioner
c. Pediatric nurse practitioner
d. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist

In 1931, the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists (NANA), renamed in 1939 to the
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) was the first recognized group promoting
advanced nursing practice. Agatha Hodgins founded the AANM at Lakeside Hospital in
Cleveland, Ohio.
4. Which factor is broadly perceived to solidify and standardize the role of the APNs over the last
25 years?
a. Lack of access to health care providers
b. Standardized curriculum development
c. Payment for services
d. Societal forces
As the evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing advances specific specialties and needs are
identified. Through the evolution of organization and standardization these roles have solidified
the APN’s role in today’s health care environment.
5. During the formation of early APN roles in anesthesia, which of the following increased
demand for access to health care?
a. Poverty
b. War
c. Rural access to care
d. Availability of training
Earliest demand for nursing-provided anesthesia spiked during periods of war when numbers of
physicians were inadequate. The earliest records date back to the American Civil War with the
administration of chloroform. During World War I in 1917 more than 1000 nurses, some trained
anesthetists, traveled into battle. Other factors such as need for rural health care came later in the
validation and need for APNs.
6. In 1889, Dr. William Worrall Mayo built and opened St. Mary’s hospital in Rochester, NY.
He is known for some of the earliest recruitment and specialized training of nurses in which of
the following roles?
a. Pediatrics
b. Anesthesia
c. Obstetrics
d. Research and statistics
e. Family nursing

In 1889, Dr. William Worrall Mayo began formally training and recognizing nurse anesthetists.
This has been regarded as the earliest training in nurse-provided anesthesia.
7. In 1893, Lillian Wald established the Henry Street Settlement (HSS) House for which purpose?
a. Access to health care of rural areas
b. Create inner-city nursing awareness
c. Provide the disadvantaged access to care
d. Establish guidelines for advanced nursing roles
The HHS was established to provide nursing services to immigrants and low-income patients and
their families in Manhattan. As resistance to nurse-provided care grew, standing orders were
drafted from a group of Lower East Side physicians thereby circumventing then-existing legal
8. The Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) founded in Kentucky in 1925 by Mary Breckenridge
initially provided Appalachia with nursing resources and which type of advanced nursing care?
a. Pediatric care
b. Anesthesia
c. Midwifery
d. Surgical services
The original FNS provided nursing services and obstetric services to Appalachian residents. Later
working from standard orders developed from their medical advisory committee nurses treated
patients, made diagnoses, and dispensed medications.
9. Which organization founded in 1941 under Mary Breckenridge’s leadership merged with the
American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) in 1969?
a. American Association of Nurse-Midwives (AANM)
b. American Nurses Association (ANA)
c. Association for National Nurse-Midwifery (ANNM)
d. Council of Nursing Midwifery (ANM)
The American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) formed under the leadership of Mary
Breckenridge in 1941 to provide nurse-midwife development and collaboration for midwife


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