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Group Dynamics 7th Edition By Forsyth – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1337408859
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1337408851

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Group Dynamics 7th Edition By Forsyth – Test Bank

1. Drawing on theory and research, provide a succinct but comprehensive definition of the word “leadership.” ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 2. James McGregor Burns calls leadership one of the most misunderstood phenomena on earth. What are some common misunderstandings about leadership? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 3. When the baseball team failed to make the playoffs, the owner fired the team’s manager (leader). Draw on the concept of the “romance of leadership” to explain why. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 4. A wise person once said there are two kinds of leaders: “Those that get it done, and those that make us happy.” Integrate that wisdom with the task-relationship model of leadership. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyze DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 5. You are part of a group that is working to achieve a goal. Draw on leadership substitutes theory to explain why your group will not need a leader. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 6. Compare the great leader theory of leadership to the zeitgeist model, and use both models to explain the election of Donald Trump as president of the United States in 2016. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.3 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyze DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 7. You are about to meet a person for the first time. You have been told only one thing about the person: That the individual is a “leader.” Describe this individual in detail, including demographic and personal qualities. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 8. A social observer once said that “leaders don’t need to be book smart, but people smart.” What did this insight mean? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.5 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 9. Joe and Jena members of a newly founded group. Joe says many things during the meeting. Jena makes fewer comments, but they are very insightful and useful. Who will emerge as the group’s leader and why? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.5 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 10. Use the concept of implicit leadership theories to explain why groups so frequently choose the wrong person as their leader. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 11. Draw on theory and research to provide comprehensive answers to these three questions: Do men and woman enact the leadership role differently? Why are men more likely to emerge as leaders than are women? Why do groups evaluate men and women leaders differently? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 12. You want to become the leader of a group. Draw on research on leadership emergence to identify a set of strategies that you could use to increase your influence in a group. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Apply DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 13. Compare and contrast these two theories of leadership emergence: social role theory and evolutionary theory. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyze DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:24 PM 14. You have been basing your approach to leadership on the Leadership Grid theory, but the group is not being productive. How would you draw on leadermember exchange theory to refine your approach to leading this group? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Apply DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 15. You will be the leader of an existing task force. According to situational leadership theory, as you plan your approach to leadership, what do you need to know about the group? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 16. You have been put in charge of a group working on a highly structured task and your leadership position comes with considerable authority. According to Fiedler’s contingency theory (and considering your relations with the group members), what style of leadership should you adopt? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Apply DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 17. You must lead a group of individuals who are having trouble joining together cohesively. Will you choose to lead in an autocratic, democratic, or laissez-faire style, and why? ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.9 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Apply DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 18. What conclusions can be drawn from Lewin, Lippitt, and White’s study of directive, participatory, and laissez-faire leaders. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.9 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 19. You wish to be recognized as a charismatic leader. Draw on studies of transformational leaders (e.g., Bass, 1997) to identify the behaviors you should display if you want to be viewed as charismatic. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.10 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Apply DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 20. Compare and contrast a transactional leader versus a transformational leader. ANSWER: Answers will vary. POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.10 QUESTION TYPE: Essay HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Analyze DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:25 PM 21. Leadership has many facets, but the central feature of leadership is the ability to command and control others. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 22. For a collection of individuals to be considered a true group rather than a collective it must include a leader. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 23. Leadership is an influence process in which people guides one another in their pursuit of individual and group-level goals. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 24. People’s strong desire to be named the leader of their group is known as the romance of leadership. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 25. Studies of leadership repeatedly return to two dimensions that are found in nearly all analyses of leadership and leadership effectiveness: task orientation and relationship orientation. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 26. The leadership substitute theory suggests that leaders can be easily replaced if the group is small, but as group size increases, change is harder and less likely. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:27 PM 27. Personality is to environment as great leader theory is to zeitgeist theory. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.3 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 28. Agreeability, as defined by the five-factor model, predicts leadership emergence, but not leadership effectiveness. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:29 PM 29. The babble effect is the tendency to make simple ideas too complicated. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 30. Contrary to popular opinion, most leaders are young, ethnic women. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.5 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 31. Because of the solo effect, single representatives of minority groups tend to be selected as group leaders. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.5 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 32. According to implicit leadership theory, group members’ intuitive assumptions about what it takes to be a leader influences who they will support as leaders. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 33. The belief, apparently widely held by people, that women are more caring and warm than men (who tend to be more self-focused and production oriented) is a central tenet of the social role theory. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 34. Research suggests that people are more likely to seek out a leader when they are relaxed and content rather than when they are stressed by thoughts of their own possible death. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 35. Situational leadership theory incorporates the group’s stage of development. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 36. Task-oriented leaders (those with low LPC scores) are most effective in situations that are extremely favorable or very unfavorable. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 37. Fielder’s contingency model of leadership asserts that a leader’s effectiveness is determined by individual factors and the group situation. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 38. Democratic groups are more productive than authoritarian led groups, but they are more prone to aggression. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.8 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:21 PM 39. The five types of followers identified by Kelley in his theory of followership are conformist, passive, pragmatic, alienated, and exemplary. a. True b. False ANSWER: True POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.9 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 40. Bass’s transformational leadership theory identified four components of charismatic leadership: physical attractiveness (the leaders’ looks), communication skill (persuasiveness), honesty (integrity), and drive level. a. True b. False ANSWER: False POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.10 QUESTION TYPE: True / False HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 41. According to the text’s definition, leadership is NOT: a. the ability to take charge in a group. b. an influence process. c. a reciprocal relationship rather than a coercive one. d. a goal-oriented, generative process. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 42. Leadership is best defined as a. manipulating others to do one’s bidding. b. power over people. c. an innate skill in taking charge. d. knowing how to work well with people. e. guiding others in their pursuits. ANSWER: e POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.1 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 43. A leader often emerges in a group when the a. task to be completed is complex and unstructured. b. group increases in size. c. group faces a crisis. d. task to be completed requires collective effort. e. in all the situations listed here. ANSWER: e POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 44. According to the text, which of the following statements is FALSE? a. Leadership and management are the same thing. b. A group that faces a stressful situation is likely going to seek a leader. c. Followers sometimes struggle against their leaders. d. Leaders influence others through both direct and indirect means. e. Leadership is an adaptive, goal-oriented process. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:31 PM 45. The romance of leadership explains a. why leaders are loved. b. why so much theory is devoted to the concept of leadership. c. people’s tendency to overestimate a leader’s influence and control. d. why most assume that leadership is an inborn talent. e. sex differences in leadership. ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 46. Leadership is closely associated with what two aspects of the group? a. fighting and fleeing b. conflict and authority c. status and power d. task and interpersonal relations e. power and submissiveness ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 47. Alice is a ___ leader: she lets her employees know what is expected of them. She organizes her work force, sets definite standards for performance, and gives frequent feedback of employee progress. a. least preferred b. relationship oriented c. task oriented d. production focused ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 48. The Ohio State Studies identified which of the following leadership dimensions? a. Concern and initiating communication b. Consideration and initiating structure c. Goal emphasis and interaction support d. Work facilitation and assertiveness e. Task (initiating structure) and relationship (consideration) ANSWER: e POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 49. The theory of “leadership substitutes” argues that a. in some cases, leadership is unnecessary and/or unlikely. b. the need for a leader is influenced only by members’ basic needs. c. groups should be organized so that leaders are unnecessary. d. groups work best when each member substitutes as the leader. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 50. Which of the following statements is FALSE? a. An agentic leader tends to be task oriented, active, and decision-focused. b. A communal leader tends to emphasize strengthening relationships with followers. c. Women, more so than men, tend to engage in relationship maintenance. d. Men, compared to women, are more effective leaders. e. All male groups are more likely to include a leader than are all female groups. ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leading Groups; 9.2 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:22 PM 51. An interactional approach to leadership emergence assumes that a. leaders interact with their followers. b. who becomes a leader depends on both personal qualities and situational factors. c. once a leader manages to emerge, he or she will perform effectively as a leader. d. leaders interact with one another. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.3 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 52. Upon hearing you are reading a chapter on leadership, a friend asks you, “Well, what is leadership?” You decide to take a(n) ___ approach, and so you explain “Leadership, to me, is a quality of a person. Leaders are usually extraverts, who are slightly more intelligent than others in their group, and they have high levels of motivation and, in some cases, Machiavellianism.” a. interactionism b. transactional c. situationism d. trait ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.3 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:33 PM 53. Great Leader Theory is to Zeitgeist Theory as ____ is to ____. a. contingency; trait b. situation; trait c. trait; contingency d. Tolstoy; Carlyle e. trait; situation ANSWER: e POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.3 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 54. Studies of personality and leadership suggest that leaders tend to be a. extraverted, agreeable, conscientious, stable, and smart. b. authoritarian, introverted, liberal, and well-adjusted. c. physically attractive, strong, and well-groomed. d. memorable, talkative, and willing to take responsibility. e. quick-witted, insightful, well-adjusted, and dynamic. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 55. Which of the following statements is FALSE? a. Some of the qualities that influence leadership emergence are heritable. b. Leaders are usually very low in the personality trait called narcissism. c. Rotational studies suggest certain individuals tend to become leaders in the groups they join. d. Conscientiousness and extraversion are the strongest predictors of leadership emergence. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:22 PM 56. Which of the following is NOT one of the Dark Triad personality characteristics? a. narcissism b. psychopathy c. neuroticism d. Machiavellianism ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:34 PM 57. Your leader is self-aware, self-controlled, has empathy, social skill, and can accurately interpret and manipulate moods. She is high in ___ intelligence. a. suppositional b. analytical c. practical d. emotional e. people ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 58. Which of the following statements is true? a. Leaders are usually not as skilled as their subordinates when it comes to performing the work tasks of the group (e.g., the lead plumber is not usually the most skilled plumber). b. Leadership is positively correlated with analytic, emotional, and practical intelligence, but negatively correlated with creative intelligence. c. Leaders tend to be taller than followers. d. People who talk a good deal in a group, even if their comments are of low quality, are favored as group leaders. ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 59. Recent research conducted by Jones and Kelly concluded that a. people who talk the most in a group are viewed as leaders (the “babble effect”). b. people who talk too much in groups rarely become the leader. c. those who talk more are more likely to be picked to be leader so long as their comments are of high quality. d. quantity of comments is more influential than the quality of the comments one makes. ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.4 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 60. According to the text, which of the following statements is true? a. When a man and a woman vie for leadership in a group, the woman usually wins. b. Both men and women, when surveyed, express a preference for males as their leaders. c. Women who are dominant are usually considered to be good leaders. d. In mixed-sex groups, women tend to display more leadership behaviors than men. e. Asian Americans tend to be selected to lead groups when ethnic diversity is high. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.5 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:35 PM 61. You are least likely to be chosen as the leader of the group if you are: a. low in general mental ability but high in emotional intelligence. b. the only person in the group who belongs to a different racial group than all the others. c. a brunette. d. a male in an otherwise all female group. e. somewhat older than the other group members. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.5 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 62. The implicit leadership theory (ILT) of leadership emergence argues that a. people who think of themselves as leaders become leaders. b. a good leader has a “mental theory” of good leadership. c. leadership emergence is a random process. d. leadership emergence is influenced by members’ personal theories about leaders. e. quantity, rather than quality, is an important determinant of leadership. ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 63. Who will be the group’s leader? Davis answers this question by comparing the qualities of all the people in the group to his intuitive conception of a leader, and then favors the person who best matches his image of a leader. His approach is most consistent with ___ theory. a. implicit leadership b. social identity c. terror management d. evolutionary e. contingency ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 64. Which of the following statements is consistent with the prototype matching hypothesis? a. I believe that leaders should be assertive, agentic, task-oriented, and dominant. b. I expect leaders to be tall, so tend to more readily follow the lead of tall people. c. I believe that leaders should be accommodative, empathic, and supportive of others. d. I expect leaders to be agentic, so I follow the lead of supportive, warm, and relational leaders. e. I believe that men make better leaders than women do. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:36 PM 65. Which of the following statements is NOT consistent with a social identity approach to leadership? a. Followers favor leaders who are socially attractive and dynamic. b. People favor leaders who match the idealized image of the prototypical group member. c. People expect their leader will favor their group (the ingroup) over the outgroup. d. Group members expect their leader to be “one of us.” ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:37 PM 66. Who will be the group’s leader? Michele answers this question by favoring the individual in the group who most exemplifies the shared qualities of the group itself. Since her group prides itself on being energetic, smart, and fun, she thinks the group leader should be dynamic, intelligent, and have a sense of humor. Her approach is most consistent with ___ theory. a. implicit leadership b. social identity c. terror management d. evolutionary e. social role ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 67. __ was NOT one of the qualities expected in a leader by individuals around the world (and as identified by the GLOBE researchers in their cross-cultural analyses of leadership). a. Takes risks b. Diplomatic c. Inspires others d. Visionary e. Team-oriented ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:38 PM 68. Studies testing a terror management theory of leadership discovered that, when mortality is made salient, followers were least positive toward a ___ leader. a. charismatic b. task-oriented c. relationship-oriented d. male e. short ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 69. Which of the following is MOST consistent with an evolutionary perspective on leadership? a. People have an instinctive need to resist taking orders from a leader. b. Some individuals are, by instinct, born to take the role of the leader. c. Leadership enhances the evolutionary fitness of individuals by increasing their group’s effectiveness. d. Leadership has always been, and always will be, a part of human nature. ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 70. An evolutionary approach to leadership suggests that a. followers tend to favor male leaders in intergroup conflict situations, but female leaders in situations involving intragroup conflict. b. people instinctively select leaders with qualities that will undermine their effectiveness as leaders (the mismatch hypothesis). c. in prehistoric times women tended to be the group leaders, whereas men were the group workers and hunters. d. leaders in prehistoric times dominated others through force and continual physical violence. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Emergence; 9.6 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 71. What are the two dimensions underlying Blake and Mouton’s GRID leadership theory? a. concern for people; concern for production b. helping people; harming people c. communication; performance d. cooperation; competition ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 72. Derinda is the leader of the enterprise resources group, but she has a unique leadership style. She seems to have great concern for making sure the group members’ relationships are positive; she is always agreeable, eager to help, comforting, and noncontroversial. She does not show any concern for productivity, per se, for she feels that people come first. According to Blake and Mouton, she has a ___ leadership style. a. 1-9 b. 9-9 c. 1-1 d. 9-1 e. 5-5 ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 73. Task oriented is to relationship oriented as ___ is to ___. a. women; men b. 9,1; 1,9 c. Country-club management; team management d. High LPC; low LPC ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Difficult REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 74. Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership theory argues that a. leaders can be both task oriented and relationship oriented. b. leaders must maintain their leadership style once it is chosen for a certain group. c. the group should be manipulated to ensure leadership effectiveness. d. the trait approach should be applied to improve leadership. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 75. According to Hersey and Blanchard’s situational model, effective leaders must a. adapt their style to fit the needs of the group situation. b. be highly task oriented and socioemotional. c. be more socioemotional than task oriented. d. change the situation to match their leadership style. e. be more task oriented than socioemotional. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 76. A new committee has been formed to discuss production procedures and you are in charge of it. According to situational leadership theory developed by Hersey and Blanchard, for the first few weeks you should use a(n) ___ leadership style. a. high task b. all relationship c. low task and low relationship d. high task and high relationship ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:40 PM 77. Hersey and Blanchard (1976) identify four different styles of leadership: (1) high task/high relationship, (2) high task/low relationship, (3) low task/high relationship, and (4) low task/low relationship. They also suggest that different leadership styles are needed at different times, and recommend the following sequence: a. 1-2-3-4. b. 2-1-3-4. c. 1-3-2-4. d. 3-2-4-1. e. 2-3-4-1. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 78. Fiedler measures leadership style by asking people to rate a. how they react in leadership settings. b. their ideal conception of a leader. c. previous leaders they have known. d. their least preferred co-worker. ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 79. High LPC is to Low LPC as ____ is to ____. a. good leadership; poor leadership b. autocratic; democratic c. product-focused; people-focused d. relationship-oriented; task-oriented ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 80. According to Fiedler, the favorability of the leadership situation is NOT influenced by the a. quality of leader/member relations. b. structure of the task. c. leader’s position and power. d. group’s cohesiveness. ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 81. A low LPC leader will be most effective in situations that are a. neutral in favorability. b. very unfavorable c. somewhat unfavorable. d. novel, involving, or dynamic. e. routine and simple. ANSWER: b POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 82. Joe has been hired to supervise the press operators in a print shop. He has authority to run the shop as he chooses, and the press operators are aware of their job duties and appear to be eager to follow his orders. Fiedler’s model would predict that if Joe has a ___ style of leadership he will be effective in this situation. a. task-oriented b. task and relationship-oriented c. relationship-oriented d. laissez-faire ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Understand DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 83. Fiedler’s and Hersey-Blanchard’s theories are similar in that they a. argue good leaders must change their style to fit the setting. b. predict that high task/high relationship leadership is best. c. are consistent with the Lewin/Lippitt/White study. d. argue that some situations require no leader. e. are contingency theories. ANSWER: e POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.7 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 84. Leader-member exchange theory, or LMX, unlike other theories of leadership stresses the a. quality of the relationship between the leader and each of his or her subordinates. b. how the leader adjusts to situational demands. c. leader’s emphasis on task versus socioemotional demands. d. leader’s ability to enhance, or transform, group members’ motivational levels. e. group members’ perceptions of their leader. ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.8 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 85. In the Lewin/Lippitt/White study, reliance on the leader, critical discontent, and demands for attention were greater in groups with ___ leaders. a. autocratic b. laissez-faire c. democratic d. leaderless ANSWER: a POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.9 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 86. The Lewin/Lippitt/White research demonstrated that a. laissez-faire led groups spent more time working than other groups. b. autocratically led groups spent more time working when the leader was absent. c. autocratically led groups displayed more aggression. d. democratically led groups were clearly superior. ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.9 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 87. Which of the following is NOT one of the types of followers identified by Kelley in his followership theory? a. alienated followers b. exemplary followers c. passive-aggressive followers d. conformist followers e. passive followers ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.9 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/16/2017 10:41 PM 88. Which type of leadership is most like transformational leadership? a. transitional b. laissez-faire c. transactional d. charismatic ANSWER: d POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.10 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 89. Renee manages by regulating behavior, monitoring communication, rewarding those who work with praise and salary, and reducing goal ambiguity. She is a ___ leader. a. relationship-oriented b. transformational c. transactional d. reciprocal ANSWER: c POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Easy REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.10 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM 90. According to Bass (1997), charismatic, transformational leaders tend to a. express their convictions clearly and stress the importance of trust. b. provide encouragement and meaning for group members. c. stimulate others to develop new perspectives and ways of doing things. d. deal with others as individuals. e. exhibit all the actions listed here. ANSWER: e POINTS: 1 DIFFICULTY: Moderate REFERENCES: Leadership Effectiveness; 9.10 QUESTION TYPE: Multiple Choice HAS VARIABLES: False KEYWORDS: Bloom’s: Remember DATE CREATED: 11/10/2017 11:22 PM DATE MODIFIED: 11/15/2017 1:22 PM

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