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Fundamentals of Pathology Pathoma 8th edition Test Bank

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  • Chapters19
  • Format: PDF
  • ISBN-13: 9780983224631
  • ISBN-10: 0983224633
  • Publisher: Pathoma
  • Authors: Dr. Husain A. Sattar

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Fundamentals of Pathology Pathoma 8th edition Test Bank

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Growth Adaptations, Cellular Injury, and Cell Death
Chapter 2. Inflammation, Inflammatory Disorders, and Wound Healing
Chapter 3. Principles of Neoplasia
Chapter 4. Hemostasis and Related Disorders
Chapter 5. Red Blood Cell Disorders
Chapter 6. White Blood Cell Disorders
Chapter 7. Vascular Pathology
Chapter 8. Cardiac Pathology
Chapter 9. Respiratory Tract Pathology
Chapter 10. Gastrointestinal Pathology
Chapter 11. Exocrine Pancreas, Gallbladder, and Liver Pathology
Chapter 12. Kidney and Urinary Tract Pathology
Chapter 13. Female Genital System and Gestational Pathology
Chapter 14. Male Genital System Pathology
Chapter 15. Endocrine Pathology
Chapter 16. Breast Pathology
Chapter 17. Central Nervous System Pathology
Chapter 18. Musculoskeletal Pathology
Chapter 19. Skin Pathology

Fundamentals of Pathology: Pathoma Testbank/Studyguide

Chapter 1: Growth Adaptations, Cellular Injury and Death
Ischemia and other toxic injuries increase the accumulation of intracellular calcium as a result
A) release of stored calcium from the mitochondria.
B) improved intracellular volume regulation.
C) decreased influx across the cell membrane.
D) attraction of calcium to fatty infiltrates.
The patient is found to have liver disease, resulting in the removal of a lobe of his liver.
Adaptation to the reduced size of the liver leads to ___________ of the remaining liver cells.
A) metaplasia
B) organ atrophy
C) compensatory hyperplasia
D) physiologic hypertrophy
A person eating peanuts starts choking and collapses. His airway obstruction is partially
cleared, but he remains hypoxic until he reaches the hospital. The prolonged cell hypoxia
caused a cerebral infarction and resulting __________ in the brain.
A) caspase activation
B) coagulation necrosis
C) rapid phagocytosis
D) protein p53 deficiency
Bacteria and viruses cause cell damage by _______, which is unique from the intracellular
damage caused by other injurious agents.
A) disrupting the sodium/potassium ATPase pump
B) interrupting oxidative metabolism processes
C) replicating and producing continued injury
D) decreasing protein synthesis and function
The patient has a prolonged interruption in arterial blood flow to his left kidney, causing
hypoxic cell injury and the release of free radicals. Free radicals damage cells by:
A) destroying phospholipids in the cell membrane.
B) altering the immune response of the cell.
C) disrupting calcium storage in the cell.
D) inactivation of enzymes and mitochondria.
6. Injured cells have impaired flow of substances through the cell membrane as a result of:A) increased fat load.
B) altered permeability.
C) altered glucose utilization.
D) increased surface receptors.
7. Reversible adaptive intracellular responses are initiated by:
A) stimulus overload.
B) genetic mutations.
C) chemical messengers.
D) mitochondrial DNA.
8. Injured cells become very swollen as a result of:
A) increased cell protein synthesis.
B) altered cell volume regulation.
C) passive entry of potassium into the cell.
D) bleb formation in the plasma membrane.
A diabetic patient has impaired sensation, circulation, and oxygenation of his feet. He steps on
a piece of glass, the wound does not heal, and the area tissue becomes necrotic. The necrotic
cell death is characterized by:
A) rapid apoptosis.
B) cellular rupture.
C) shrinkage and collapse.
D) chronic inflammation.
A 99-year-old woman has experienced the decline of cell function associated with age. A
group of theories of cellular aging focus on programmed:
A) changes with genetic influences.
B) elimination of cell receptor sites.
C) insufficient telomerase enzyme.
D) DNA mutation or faulty repair.
An 89-year-old female patient has experienced significant decreases in her mobility and
stamina during a 3-week hospital stay for the treatment of a femoral head fracture. Which of
the following phenomena most likely accounts for the patients decrease in muscle function
that underlies her reduced mobility?
A) Impaired muscle cell metabolism resulting from metaplasia
B) Dysplasia as a consequence of inflammation during bone remodeling
C) Disuse atrophy of muscle cells during a prolonged period of immobility
D) Ischemic atrophy resulting from vascular changes while on bedrest


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