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Computing Essentials 2017 26 Ed by OLeary – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1259563650
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1259563652

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SKU:tb1002060

Computing Essentials 2017 26 Ed by OLeary – Test Bank

12
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. A collection of activities and elements organized to accomplish a goal.
A. Information
B. Data
C. Program
D. System
2. In this phase of the systems life cycle, the new information system is installed, and people are trained to
use it.
A. Systems implementation
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems development
3. In this phase of the systems life cycle, new or alternative information systems are designed.
A. Systems maintenance
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems development
4. This individual studies an organization’s systems to determine what actions to take and how to use
computer technology to assist them.
A. Network administrator
B. Cryptographer
C. Systems analyst
D. Computer engineer
5. In the preliminary investigation phase of the systems life cycle, which one of the following tasks would
not be included?
A. Briefly defining the problem
B. Suggesting alternative solutions
C. Gathering the data
D. Preparing a short report
6. In order to obtain financing to continue to Phase 2: Systems Analysis, the systems analyst does this.
A. Prepares a preliminary investigation report
B. Gathers data
C. Analyzes data
D. Trains users on the new system
7. Gathering and analyzing data is part of this phase.
A. Preliminary investigation
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems implementation
8. This shows the relationship between input and output documents.
A. Grid chart
B. Checklist
C. Investigation report
D. Top-down analysis method
9. Which of the following is used to identify the components of a complex system and makes each
component easier to analyze and deal with?
A. System flowchart
B. Top-down analysis method
C. Grid chart
D. Checklist
10. Which of the following tools presents data or information flow within an information system?
A. Grid chart
B. Top-down analysis method
C. Automated design tool
D. Data flow diagram
11. These tools, also called computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools, are used in system analysis
to evaluate alternative hardware and software solutions.
A. Project management tools
B. Automated design tools
C. Spreadsheets
D. Report generators
12. Which among the following would not be described in the systems analysis report?
A. The current information system
B. The requirements for a new system
C. The possible development schedule
D. The training requirements for users
13. This is the final task in Phase 3: Systems Design.
A. Select the best design
B. Design alternative systems
C. Write a systems design report
D. Examine hardware requirements
14. This is the first step in the systems design phase.
A. Examine hardware requirements
B. Design alternative systems
C. Select the best system
D. Analyze the data
15. In this activity, it is determined whether the system can be made secure against unauthorized use.
A. Analyzing the data
B. Writing the systems design report
C. Selecting the best system
D. Testing the system
16. This document presents the costs versus the benefits and outlines the effect of alternative designs on the
organization.
A. Systems analysis report
B. Preliminary investigation report
C. Initialization report
D. Systems design report
17. During which phase of the systems life cycle are users trained to use the new system?
A. Preliminary investigation
B. Systems implementation
C. Systems development
D. Systems maintenance
18. Selecting the _______ is the first step in implementing a new system.
A. hardware requirements
B. software requirements
C. conversion type
D. best alternative
19. This conversion type is not recommended because problems arising in this approach could be
catastrophic.
A. Direct approach
B. Parallel approach
C. Phased approach
D. Pilot approach
20. This conversion approach is preferred when there are many people in an organization performing similar
operations.
A. Direct approach
B. Parallel approach
C. Phased approach
D. Pilot approach
21. This is the final step of the systems implementation phase of the systems life cycle.
A. Develop documentation
B. Train users
C. Select the conversion type
D. Write the implementation report
22. Identify the sixth phase of the systems life cycle.
A. Systems maintenance
B. Systems development
C. Systems design
D. Systems analysis
23. Which of the following phases of the systems life cycle is considered to be an ongoing activity?
A. Systems development
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems maintenance
24. This is performed to determine whether the new procedures are actually furthering productivity.
A. Testing
B. Systems inventory
C. Designing alternatives
D. Systems audit
25. This is the process of building a model that can be modified before the actual system is installed.
A. Rapid applications development
B. Prototyping
C. Systems analysis
D. Systems maintenance
26. A systems analyst uses the six-phase systems life cycle to improve and maintain information systems.
True False
27. A survey of user needs is part of the preliminary investigation phase.
True False
28. Data about how the present system works is collected during the preliminary investigation phase in order
to determine the requirements of the new system.
True False
29. In Phase 2 of the systems life cycle, the primary concern is completing a new design.
True False
30. Gathering data and information in the systems analysis phase can be achieved through conducting
interviews and studying documents.
True False
31. An organization chart shows where the hardware is located within the organization.
True False
32. In the data analysis step, the idea is to learn how information currently flows and to pinpoint why it is not
flowing properly.
True False
33. Very few tools are available to assist system analysts and end users in analyzing data.
True False
34. The top-down analysis method breaks components into smaller components to make each component
easier to analyze and deal with.
True False
35. If a firm is deciding upon the acceptance of a project with a value of $10,000, and if the client has a good
credit history, the firm will most likely use the grid chart in the decision-making process.
True False
36. CASE stands for “Computer-Aided Software Engineering.”
True False
37. CASE tools are limited to systems analysis.
True False
38. In the design phase of the systems life cycle, alternative systems are analyzed for economic, physical, and
operational feasibility.
True False
39. Selecting the best system is the first step of the systems design phase of the systems life cycle.
True False
40. In the systems design phase of the systems life cycle, the systems design report usually concludes by
recommending one of the analyzed alternatives.
True False
41. Hardware and software are normally acquired during the implementation phase of the systems life
cycle.
True False
42. Application software for new information systems always requires having it custom-designed to meet the
needs of the organization.
True False
43. In the testing step of the systems development phase, processed information is evaluated to see whether
the results are correct.
True False
44. The organization can switch to the old system if the new system fails in the parallel conversion
approach.
True False
45. Periodic evaluation is part of the systems maintenance phase of the systems life cycle.
True False
46. A(n) _______ (2 words) is a collection of hardware, software, people, procedures, and data.
________________________________________
47. New hardware and software are acquired, developed, and tested in the systems _______ stage of the
systems life cycle.
________________________________________
48. Systems analysis and design is a problem-solving procedure for examining and improving a(n) _______
system.
________________________________________
49. An important aspect of the preliminary investigation phase is to suggest _______.
________________________________________
50. The _______ analysis method identifies the top-level components of a complex system.
________________________________________
51. A _______ (2 words) shows the relationship between input and output documents.
________________________________________
52. System _______ show the flow of input data to processing and finally to output.
________________________________________
53. _______ (2 words) diagrams show the data or information flow within an information system; the data is
traced from its origin through processing, storage, and output.
________________________________________
54. The _______ (2 words) report describes the current information system, the requirements for a new
system, and a possible development schedule.
________________________________________
55. The third phase in the systems life cycle is the systems _______ phase.
________________________________________
56. _______ feasibility is evaluated to determine if the proposed system can actually be made to operate in
the organization.
________________________________________
57. Systems designers evaluate each alternative in the systems design phase for _______ by looking at
economic, technical, and operational factors.
________________________________________
58. When evaluating alternative systems, systems designers must consider economic feasibility, _______
feasibility, and operational feasibility.
________________________________________
59. The systems design report presents the _______ versus the benefits.
________________________________________
60. _______ of the system happens after the installation of software and hardware.
________________________________________
61. Another name for Phase 5, systems implementation, is _______.
________________________________________
62. The _______ conversion approach to systems implementation is considered the most risky.
________________________________________
63. The _______ approach to systems implementation is used only in cases in which the cost of failure or of
interrupted operation is great.
________________________________________
64. In general, the pilot and _______ approaches are the most favored conversion approaches.
________________________________________
65. Most organizations spend more time and money on the systems _______ phase than on any of other
phase.
________________________________________
66. Name and briefly explain the six phases of system analysis and design.
67. How does a systems analyst gather the required data when he/she is defining a problem during the
preliminary investigation phase?
68. Name and briefly explain five common analysis tools used during the systems analysis phase.
69. What is the purpose of the systems analysis report during the systems analysis phase?
70. What are the four questions that must be considered when choosing the best system during the systems
design phase?
71. Explain the process of evaluating the feasibility of each alternative system.
72. Describe how software can be acquired, if needed, during the systems development phase.
73. Briefly describe the four approaches for conversion to a new system.
74. Discuss the systems audit and periodic evaluation activities.
75. Define prototyping and explain how it could be used by a systems analyst.
12 Key
1.
(p. 304)
A collection of activities and elements organized to accomplish a goal.
A. Information
B. Data
C. Program
D. System
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 12-01 Describe the six phases of the systems life cycle.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #1
Topic: Systems Analysis and Design
2.
(p. 305)
In this phase of the systems life cycle, the new information system is installed, and people are trained
to use it.
A. Systems implementation
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems development
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 12-01 Describe the six phases of the systems life cycle.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #2
Topic: Systems Analysis and Design
3.
(p. 305)
In this phase of the systems life cycle, new or alternative information systems are designed.
A. Systems maintenance
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems development
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 12-01 Describe the six phases of the systems life cycle.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #3
Topic: Systems Analysis and Design
4.
(p. 305)
This individual studies an organization’s systems to determine what actions to take and how to use
computer technology to assist them.
A. Network administrator
B. Cryptographer
C. Systems analyst
D. Computer engineer
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 12-01 Describe the six phases of the systems life cycle.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #4
Topic: Systems Analysis and Design
5.
(p. 306)
In the preliminary investigation phase of the systems life cycle, which one of the following tasks
would not be included?
A. Briefly defining the problem
B. Suggesting alternative solutions
C. Gathering the data
D. Preparing a short report
AACSB: Analytical Thinking
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-02 Identify information needs and formulate possible solutions.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #5
Topic: Phase 1: Preliminary Investigation
6.
(p. 307)
In order to obtain financing to continue to Phase 2: Systems Analysis, the systems analyst does
this.
A. Prepares a preliminary investigation report
B. Gathers data
C. Analyzes data
D. Trains users on the new system
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-02 Identify information needs and formulate possible solutions.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #6
Topic: Phase 1: Preliminary Investigation
7.
(p. 308)
Gathering and analyzing data is part of this phase.
A. Preliminary investigation
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems implementation
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #7
Topic: Phase 2: Systems Analysis
8.
(p. 309)
This shows the relationship between input and output documents.
A. Grid chart
B. Checklist
C. Investigation report
D. Top-down analysis method
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #8
Topic: Phase 2: Systems Analysis
9.
(p. 308)
Which of the following is used to identify the components of a complex system and makes each
component easier to analyze and deal with?
A. System flowchart
B. Top-down analysis method
C. Grid chart
D. Checklist
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #9
Topic: Phase 2: Systems Analysis
10.
(p. 309)
Which of the following tools presents data or information flow within an information system?
A. Grid chart
B. Top-down analysis method
C. Automated design tool
D. Data flow diagram
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #10
Topic: Phase 2: Systems Analysis
11.
(p. 309)
These tools, also called computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools, are used in system
analysis to evaluate alternative hardware and software solutions.
A. Project management tools
B. Automated design tools
C. Spreadsheets
D. Report generators
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #11
Topic: Phase 2: Systems Analysis
12.
(p. 310)
Which among the following would not be described in the systems analysis report?
A. The current information system
B. The requirements for a new system
C. The possible development schedule
D. The training requirements for users
AACSB: Analytical Thinking
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #12
Topic: Phase 2: Systems Analysis
13.
(p. 310)
This is the final task in Phase 3: Systems Design.
A. Select the best design
B. Design alternative systems
C. Write a systems design report
D. Examine hardware requirements
AACSB: Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 12-03 Analyze existing information systems and evaluate the feasibility of alternative systems.
OLeary – Chapter 12 #13
Topic: Phase 3: Systems Design
14.
(p. 310)
This is the first step in the systems design phase.
A. Examine hardware requirements
B. Design alternative systems
C. Select the best system
D. Analyze the da

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